Open Border, Madhes and Citizenship

v’nf ;Ldf, dw]; / gful/stf 

a’l4gf/fo0f >]i7 

g]kfn / ef/tsf aLr g]kfnu+h–?k}l8of gfsfafx]s cGo If]qdf ut cfwf ztflJbb]lv v’nf ;Ldf Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . t/ xjfOdfu{df @)%& c;f]h !% b]lv lgoldt cyjf lgolGqt ;Ldf k4lt nfu” ul/Psf] 5 . b’O{ b]zjLrsf] hldg ;Ldfdf clwsf+z If]q t/fO{sf] ;dtn tyf xf]rf] e”–efu kb{5, h;nfO{ dw]; klg elgG5 . o:tf] dw]; If]qsf] cGt/f{li6«o l;dfgfdf v’nf ;Ldf Joj:yf cjnDjg ul/Psf] 5 . ljZjsf ljleGg b]zdf tyf blIf0f Pl;ofnL b]zdf 3l6/x]sf] ljleGg cft+ssf/L ultljlwsf ;Gbe{df g]kfnsf] blIf0fL ;LdfjtL{ If]qdf /x]sf] dw];sf] ;Ldf v’nfg} /flv/xg’kg]{ xf] of j}slNks Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ xf] eGg] ;DjGwdf /fd|/L ;f]Rg] a]nf cfPsf] 5 .  o;} ;Gbe{df ut ;fpg #) df j[if]zrGb| nfnn] sflGtk’/ b}lgsdf …v’nf l;dfgf / dw];Ú lzif{sdf n]v n]Vg’ePsf] 5 . To; n]vdf s]xL dgfl;j, s]xL a9L / s]xL dfqfdf rflxg]eGbf sd pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . o:tf k’ugk’usf a’‘bfx? :ki6 eP hgdfg; c? a9L ;’;”lrt x’g;Sg] lyof] eGg] o; n]vf]6sf] clek|fo /x]sf] 5 .         klxn] dgfl;js} s’/f u/f}F . pxfFn] dw];sf] a;f]af; %)–!)) jf %)) jif{sf] xf]Og, jt{dfg g]kfnL e”v08sf] ;Gbe{df ;aeGbf k’/fgf] /x]sf] 5 eGg’ePsf] 5, hg’rflxF kf}/fl0fs b[li6sf]0fn] l7s} x’g;S5 . o:t}, v’nf l;dfgf ePsf]n] ef/tLox¿ g]kfn cfPsf 5g\ / cfpFb}5g\ t/ To;sf] s}og u’0ff a9L g]kfnL ef/tdf ;/]sf 5g\, ;b}{5g\ / sfd u5{g\ eGg] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . o; ;DaGwdf g]kfn eGbf ef/tsf] hg;+Vof $$ bf]Aa/ a9L / If]qkmndf ef/t @@ u’gf 7″nf] /x]sf] tYof+snfO{ klg b[li6ut ug'{ ;fGble{s x’g cfpF5 . csf]{ s’/f, pxfFn] ef/taf6 g]kfndf ;/]/ gful/s aGg vf]Hg]x¿sf] ;+Vof sd} 5, dw];df kxf8 / dWo kxf8af6 a;fO{ ;g]{x¿ a9\b}5g, dw];sf] hg;+Vof a9\g’sf] sf/0f of] a;fO;/fO xf] eGg’ePsf] 5 . x]f, kxf8af6 dw]; emg]{ lgs} ;+|Vofdf /x]sf 5g\ . logLx¿ g]kfnL g} x’g\ . g]kfnsf] Pp6f If]qaf6 csf]{df a;fO{ ;g]{ u/]sf 5g\ . t/ ef/taf6 g]kfndf ;/]/ g]kfnL gful/s aGg vf]Hg] ;+Vof ef/tdf -vf;u/L ljxf/ k|fGtdf_ hg;+Vof lj:kmf]6gsf sf/0f lbglbg} a9\b} cfPsf] dw];df a:g] jfl;Gbfn] cg’ej ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . o:tf] ;+Vof hlt;’s} yf]/} eP tfklg cgflws[t tl/sfn] ljb]zLnfO{ g]kfnL gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq lbg’ ePg . rf}yf] s’/f, ljb]zLx¿sf] g]kfn k|j]z lgolGqt / Jojl:yt x’g’k5{ . pko’Qm x’G5 eg] g]kfnsf] rf/}lt/ tf/n] 3]/af/ / cfsfzdfly s8f lgu/fgLsf] Joj:yf u/] x’G5 egL pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . /fli6«otfsf] lx;fan] of] egfO dgfl;a xf] . g]kfnsf] l;dfgf ljb]zLx¿sf nflu lgoldt, lgolGqt / Jojl:yt ul/g’k5{ . t/ s’g} klg xfntdf aGb -Ans]8_ ul/g’x’Fb}g .         ca nfuf}+ n]vdf a9L ePsf a’Fbftkm{ . n]vsf] clwsf+z efudf dw];sf] hg;+Vof a[l4nfO{ v’nf ;Ldf;Fu ufF;]/ x]l/g’ x’Fb}g, dw]; g]kfns} e”v08 ePsfn] oxfF a;f]af; ug]{ afFsL jfl;GbfnfO{ g]kfnL gful/stf k|df0fkqljlxg kfl/g’ x’Fb}g, hgu0fgf / dtbftf gfdfjnLdf ;d]t z’4tfsf] ;Defjgf sdL 5, lglZrt ul/Psf] ;do ;LdfeGbf k”j{ j;f]jf; ul//x]sf dw]zL jfl;GbfnfO{ gful/stf / dtbfgsf] clwsf/ lbg’k5{ eGg] s’/f n]vdf hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 .        hxfF;Dd gful/stf ljt/0fsf] s’/f 5, g]kfn ;/sf/n] k6s–k6s t/fO{ If]qdf ;d]t gful/stf ljt/0f 6f]nL k7fO{ 3/b}nf]df k|df0fkq k|bfg u/]sf] lyof] . k|df0fkq lng afFsL gful/sn] To;}a]nf k|df0fkq lng’kg]{ xf] . sf/0fa; 5’6k’6 ePsf kl/is[t -h]g’og_ g]kfnL gful/sn] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{noaf6 h’g;’s} cj:yfdf hlxn] klg cfˆgf] gful/stf k|df0fkq lng ;S5g\ . o:t} hgcfGbf]ngkl5 ag]sf] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] klg afFsL/x]sf g]kfnL gful/snfO{ ;’ud tl/sfn] s;/L k|df0fkq pknAw u/fpg] eGg] ;DaGwdf k|aGw ug{ nfu]sf] 5 . dlGqkl/ifbsf] ebf} @! sf] ljz]if a}7sn] k|ltlgle;ef 3f]if0f cg’?k gful/stf ljw]ossf] d:of}bf kfl/t ub}{ tTsfn ;+;bdf k]; ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .        ljw]osdf @)$^ r}t d;fGt;Dddf hGd]sf jf pSt cjlw jf Tof]eGbf cufl8b]lv d’n’sdf :yfoL a;f]af; ub{} cfPsf ;a}nfO{ gful/stf k|df0fkq k|bfg ug]{ k|fjwfg ug{ nfluPsf]5 . gful/stf k|fKt ug{ ;DalGwt JolStn] hUufsf] nfnk’hf{, g]kfndf hGd]sf] jf :yfoL a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf] nufot k|df0f k]; ug'{kg]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . s’g} klg k|df0f gePsf] JolQmsf xsdf tLg hgf gful/sn] …pm g]kfnL xf]Ú eGg] l;kmfl/; u/]kl5 gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq k|bfg ug{ nfluPsf] 5 . o:t}, Psn dlxnf / ljb]zL k’?ifl;t ljjfx u/]sf dlxnfaf6 hGd]sf ;Gtfgn] ;d]t gful/stf kfpgnfu]sf 5g\ . o;cg’;f/ g]kfnL gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq ljt/0fdf xb};Dd ;/lns/0f ckgfOg nfu]sf] 5 . t/, g]kfn–ef/taLr a]/f]s6f]s cfpg hfg ;Sg] v’nf ;Ldf k|yfn] g]kfnL gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq glbg’kg]{ JolQmnfO{ lb+Ob}g eGg] ;tk|ltzt k|Tofe”lt eg] ug{ ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g . lng afFsL g]kfnL gful/snfO{ ;dodf k|df0fkq lbg g;lsPsf] eGbf 7″nf] uNtL, ljb]zLnfO{ g]kfnL gful/stf lbOg’ x’g hfG5 . csf]{ s’/f dw];df /x]sf slt g]kfnL afl;Gbfn] k|df0fkq lnPsf 5}gg\ < o;sf] pQ/df slxn] $) b]lv %) nfv elgG5 eg] ca dGqL x[bo]z lqkf7Ln] of] ;+Vof a9]/ %)–^) nfv k’lu;s]sf] x’g;Sg] atfPsf 5g\ -sflGtk’/ b}lgs, @)^@ ebf} @@_ . k|Zg cfpF5, g]kfnsf] ;Dk”0f{ hg;+Vofsf] sl/a Ps rf}yfO{ g]kfnL hgtf k|df0fkq kfpg lsg afFsL /x] < olQsf ;+Vofdf k|df0fkqsf] dfu ul/G5 eg] o;nfO{ v’nf ;Ldf k4lt;Fu ufF;]/ x]l/g’kg]{ ;Defjgf klg kg{ cfpg ;S5 .        cGTodf nfnhLsf] n]vdf s]xL a’Fbf sdL ePsf] tkm{ nfuf}+ . pxfFn] g]kfn–ef/taLr v’nf ;Ldf Joj:yf g} sfod /xg’k5{ eGg]tkm{ k|ToIf÷ck|ToIf jsfnt ug'{ePsf] 5 . v’nf ef/tLo l;dfgfsf sf/0f dw];df ef/tLox¿sf] lgjf{w k|j]z eO/x]sf] xfpu’hL km}nfpg] sfd gofF xf]Og egL pxfFn] pNn]v ug'{ ePsf] 5 . jf:tjdf s’g} klg j:t’sf] ;sf/fTds tyf gsf/fTds kIf /x]sf] x’G5 . g]kfn–ef/t v’nf ;Ldf Joj:yfsf] ;sf/fTds kIf k|uf9 ldqtf, eljtJodf ;xof]u, :jf:Yo ;]jfdf ;’ljwf, cfjZosLo j:t’sf] tTsfn cfk”lt{, k|ltikwL{ ahf/, :yflgo >ldssf] tTsfn cfk”lt{ cflb /x]sf 5g\ . t/, cGt/;Ldf ck/fw, JolQm ckx/0f, r]nLa]6L a]rlavg, rf]/L 8s}tL, dfn;fdfg t:s/L, eG;f/ /fhZj r’xfj6, jg ljgfz, ;Ldf cltqmd0f, cft+ssf/L ultljlw, cj}w xftxltof/ tyf nfu” kbfy{ cf];f/–k;f/, cj}w j;fO{–;/fO tyf /fhgLlts ljs[lt cflb gsf/fTds kIf /x]sf 5g\ . olQsf gsf/fTds tTj af]s]sf] v’nf ;Ldf k4ltnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg] of ga9fpg] eGg] ;DaGwdf b’j} b]zsf] lxtdf lgZro klg ;f]Rg] ;do cfPsf] 5 . o; kl/k|]Iodf ut dlxgf ef/tsf] d’DaOdf >[+vnfa4 ljikmf]6g ePsf lbg sf7df8f}+df kfls:tfgL gful/sx¿ lu/ˆtf/ ul/Psf]df v’nf ;Ldf k4lt ufFl;Psf] s’/f klg ef/tLo hfgsf/x¿ atfpF5g\ . of] cfk\mg} 7fp‘df 5 . o:t} u/L g]kfnsf] blIf0fL ;LdfjtL{ If]qdf /x]sf db/;fdf ef/t lj/f]wL tTj /x]sf] 5 / ltgLx¿n] ef/tdf u8a8 drfpF5g\ egL ef/tn] a/fa/ eGb} cfPsf] 5 . o;/L g}, g]kfndf kfls:tfgL cfOP;cfOsf Ph]G6x? n’lsl5lk a;]sf 5g\, g]kfn ;/sf/n] o;df lgu/fgL /fv]sf] 5}g egL ef/tn] a/fa/ eGb}cfPsf] 5 . b’O{ b]zaLrsf] v’nf ;Ldf lgolGqt tyf Jojl:yt ul/P g]kfnn] o:tf] egfO v]Kg’kg]{ lyPg . o:tf] egfOaf6 aRg g]kfn–ef/tsf xjfOofq’nfO{ / g]kfnu+h–?k}l8of gfsfaf6 cfjt–hfjt ug]{ ofq’nfO{ @)^@ sflQs !% b]lv lgolGqt ;Ldf k4lt nfu” ul/O;s]sf] 5 . ca af‘sL gfsfx?df klg b’j} b]zsf] ;xdltdf qmdzM ;Ldf lgodg ub}{ n}hfg’ b’j} b]zsf] lxtdf /x]sf] 5 .         jf:tjdf g]kfn / ef/taLr v’nf ;Ldf k4lt /x]sf] n]vf]6 ;g\ !(%) sf] g]kfn–ef/t d}qL tyf zflGt ;lGwnufot s’g} klg ;lGw, ;Demf}tf tyf b:tfj]hdf kfOb}g . of] t s]jn lqe’jg /fhky lgdf{0fkl5 cfk;L ldqtf, efOrf/f / ;f}xfb{tfn] rng rNtLdf cfPsf] dfq xf] . sf7df8f}Fl:yt ef/tLo /fhb”tfjf;n] æ!(%) sf] g]kfn–ef/t ;lGwdf b’O{ b]zaLrsf] v’nf l;dfgfaf/] s’g} klg bkmfdf pNn]v 5}g,  v’nf l;dfgf k|frLgsfnb]lv cfh;Dd b’j} b]zaLr /xFb} cfPsf] 3lgi7 ldqtfk”0f{ ;DaGwsf] w/f]x/ xf]Æ egL :k];6fOd b}lgs -oxL c;f/ !*_ sf] kf7s ljrf/ snddf o; k+lQmsf/sf] n]vsf ;DaGwdf :ki6f]lQm JoQm u/]sf] lyof] . log} kl/k|]Iodf g]kfnL hgtfsf] zflGt ;’/Iffsf nflu / blIf0f Pl;ofnL d’n’sdf cft+ssf/L ultljlw a9\g glbgsf nflu klg dw];;‘u hf]l8Psf] g]kfn–ef/t ;Ldf lgoldt, Jojl:yt tyf lgolGqt ug{‘ ;dosf] dfu x’g cfPsf] 5 . o:t}, xb};Dd nlrnf] k|ls|of ckgfpg nfluPsf] g]kfnL gful/stf k|df0fkq ljt/0f k|0ffnLdf /fi6«n] k5’tfpg gkg]{ u/L;do5‘b} ;fjwfgL lng ;Sg’k5{ .

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