Nepal-China Seven border crossing-points
Buddhi Narayan Shrestha
Nepal and China have agreed to open additional seven border crossing-points after India enacted undeclared border blockade to Nepal. It has made a signature on 20-point agreement between Nepal and China to make a feasibility study in connection to operate these seven border crossing-points. The parliamentary committee has instructed to the government to open the crossing-points with China and to upgrade the standard of the roads which connect these points. The seven border crossing points are Olangchungola, Kimathanka, Lamabagar, Gorkha Larke, Mustang, Mugu and Humla. Besides these seven crossing-points, Kodari-Khasa has been in operation since 1968 for the transaction of trade and commerce. The second commercial border-point is the Rasuwagadhi-Kerung, which has come into use recently.
Description of seven border crossing-points which have been supposed to be operated for the trade and commerce in future are as followings:-
|Name of Border Crossing Points||Height of Crossing-point (Meter)||Distance to Tibetan Market from the Border-point (Meter)||Length of the Road to connect Cina (Tibet) and India (Kilometer)|
|Nepal||Nearest Market of China|
|1||Olangchungola (Tiptala Pass)||Riwa Bazar||5,095||22||Riwa Bazar to Panitanki/Galgalia= 360|
|2||Kimathanka (Lengdup)||Riwa Bazar||2,248||30||Riwa Bazar to Jogbani= 281|
|3||Lamabagar (Lapchi)||Phalek||2,050||14||Phalek to Bhitamode= 240|
|4||Gorkha Larke (Lajyang Pass)||Kungtang||5,098||59||Kungtang to Bhikhana Thori= 420|
|5||Mustang (Korala)||Zhongba||4,871||47||Zhongba to Sunauli 448|
|6||Mugu (Nagcha)||Hyazimang||6,495||21||Hyazimang to Rupaidiya= 374|
|7||Humla (Hilsa)||Sera||5,092||19||Sera to Gaurifanta= 473|
This table and map show that the shortest having low height road is Lamabagar (Lapchi)-Phalek crossing-point road. 31 kilometer of road has to be constructed from Lamabagar to touch the Chinese border. If a 6 km long tunnel road is constructed from Lamabagar, the length of the road will be shortened by 25 km.
Kimathanka-Riwa Bazar crossing-point road is most feasible for the purpose of increasing the business activities of eastern Nepal with China. But it has to construct 113 km additional road from Khadbari to the border crossing point. This road will connect China to Indian broad gaze railway station at Jogbani.
For the western Nepal, Mustang-Zhongba border crossing point road is most useful. This road is already in operation. But there is mud-built road between Beni to Mustang (Korala) section, which bears nearly 35 percent of the total 448 km long road. Unofficial and local trade, commerce and transit have been already started through this road.
Humla (Hilsa)-Sera (Taklakot) crossing road will be useful for the Nepali people of far western region. Chinese road has been already constructed all the way from Taklakot to Yari Hilsa border point. And Nepal has extended this road up to 40 km towards Simikot of Nepal. Now there is 50 km more to connect Simikot, the headquarter of Humla district.
Gorkha Larke and Mugu (Nagcha) crossing point roads are less feasible in comparison to other roads. However, the Tibetan authority opens the crossing points near to Samagaun and Chhekampar of Gorkha Larke, two months a year to sell the daily necessities and consumable goods for the Nepali and Tibetan local inhabitants. These border points had been opened also this year during September-October.
(An image of my article on the above mentioned heading, published in Nagarik Daily, has been copied below) :-