Long-standing border disputes between Nepal and India

An unjustifiable understanding!
 WM correspondent

It has been officially told that the long-standing border dispute between Nepal and India has largely been solved except in two areas Kalapani and Susta that obviously fall under Nepali territory.  Since long, India has been flagrantly unleashing its expansionist drive by encroaching Nepali soil in different parts of the country.

According to a reliable report, India has already captured some 60 thousand hectares of Nepali land in 61 places across the country.  The total area invaded by India in Kalapani stands at 36 thousand hectares whereas in Susta some 14 thousand hectares of land has been encroached by the “big brother”.       

Veteran border expert Buddhi Narayan Shrestha said that the official claim that the boundary problem between the two countries is just confined to Kalapani and Suata is grossly fallacious.

The meeting between foreign minister Upendra Yadav and his Indian counterpart Pranab Mukharjee that took place on Wednesday was focused towards resolving the long standing border dispute particularly in the mentioned two areas.

After the meeting, Yadav also told the media that their talk was chiefly gravitated towards Kalapani and Susta. 

Although the meeting of the Nepal-India Joint Technical Level Boundary Committee held some months back agreed to find an amicable solution specifically to the Kalapani dispute by also involving China, the talks between the two foreign ministers was focused on resolving the problem through a bilateral way.

According to Shrestha, the agreement between Yadav and Mukharjee to resolve the Kalapani dispute bilaterally smacks off the intention of India to keep China at bay.

“China has already recognized Kalapani as an integral part of Nepal,” he said adding, ” India may well  be trying to negate the role of China in resolving the Kalapani dispute so that it can continue its illicit presence in the area “

Shrestha quoted former ambassador of People’s Republic of China to Nepal Zeng Xu Yong as saying that Kalapani would already have recognized as Nepal’s part if the process of demarcating the boundary line had been carried out by Nepal and China by studying the historical documents.

When the border dispute between India and China on Aruranchal province (which now belongs to India) has intensified in the recent days, an unjustifiable understanding has been made between Nepal and India to cancel out the role of the northern neighbour to resolve the Kalapani problem.

China had responded strongly over the comment of Indian foreign minister Mukharjee during his visit to the region that China must recognize Aruranchal as an integral part of India. China has been claiming the entire Aruranchal province as its territory.

Regarding the Kalapani dispute, Shrestha says, “China should also be allowed to act in settling the dispute since it is necessary to efficaciously regulate the triangular border point between three countries.”

“Three and a half decade ago when Nepal and China signed a border agreement, Lipulekh pass was designated as the tri-junction between Nepal, India and China, according to which Kalapani area belongs to Nepal. However, during the agreement, historical facts and evidences that extended Nepalese border to Limpiyadhura and the origin of Maha Kali river were largely ignored,” the former Chinese envoy Zeng XuYong,  had said on 3rd September, 1999, at the Reporters’ Club.

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