Global Surveyors Day Celebrated in Nepal

Global Surveyors Day Celebrated in Nepal

Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

IP President, Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (NICS)

Global Surveyors Day-1

Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (NICS) in association with the government Survey Department celebrated ‘Global Surveyors Day’ in Nepal amidst a function in the Geodetic Survey Hall in Kathmandu. The program was chaired by Punya Prasad Oli, President of NICS. Secretary- government of NepalMinistry of Agriculture, Land Management and Cooperatives Gopi Nath Mainali was the Chief Guest. Director General of Survey Department Ganesh Prasad Bhatta was the guest.  Other dignitaries were the former Survey Director Generals Buddhi Narayan Shrestha (IP President Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors-NICS), Rabin Kaji Sharma, Toya Nath Baral and Rajaram Chhatkuli. Similarly, Survey Deputy Director Generals Suresh Man Shrestha, Niraj Manandhar and Sabir Hussain were on the dais. Other participants were the Treasurer Rajendra Prasad Maratha, General Secretary Shambhu Gyawali and members of NICS. Chief Survey Officers, Survey Officers, Surveyors and staff of various Divisions and Branches of Survey Department had participated the program. Government owned national newspaper Gorkhapatra Daily has published the news of the Day.

Global Surveyors Day-10

The program was inaugurated by the Secretary of the Ministry lighting the traditional lamp Paanas, as the symbol of enlightenment. During the program, the Secretary released a book entitled ‘Transliteration of Technical Terms from English to Nepali’ authored by Punya Prasad Oli, NICS President.


NICS General Secretary Shambhu Gyawali welcomed all the participants, dignitaries on behalf of NICS. He also highlighted the importance of Global Surveyors Day and mentioned that it is necessary to expand the importance of Nepali Surveyors.

In the program immediate Past President of NICS and former Survey Director General Buddhi Narayan Shrestha spoke :

Global Surveyors Day-11

Today is the Global Surveyors Day which is going to be celebrated in various countries of the world. International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) has observed the Day with especially CLGE (Europe), NSPS (USA) and it was said that it is very important for the world to reflect on the work that surveyors do. It was said that it is essential to know what impact of various kinds of surveyors can have all over the world. Furthermore, first edition of the Global Surveyors Day is specially marked at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference in Washington DC, USA with representation of FIG, CLGE and NSPS and many other Surveyors and others from around the world who are in Washington DC. FIG stated that it is the hope that this day is being celebrated around the world. It can be celebrated in many/different ways, and it is up to the national Surveyors to find their best way to celebrate the day. As part of the celebrations initiated by FIG, a Round Table was placed to enable surveying professionals to discuss important topics in today’s world, followed by an evening reception in Washington DC. At the same time a site: was launched.

Shrestha further said, now we are here in this moment to observe and celebrate the Day in Nepal as well. FIG is the main umbrella of the Surveyors of the globe. FIG is a United Nations and World Bank recognized non-governmental organization of national member associations and other affiliated members from over 120 countries,  Nepal is one of them. Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (NICS) is the Member Association. Government of Nepal Survey Department is the Affiliate Member and Land Management Training Center is the Academic Member of FIG from Nepal. FIG has determined the norms and standard, specification and modality of surveying, mapping and GIS of the world. FIG is is a UN-accredited organisation which represents the interests of surveyors throughout the world.

Global Surveyors Day-12

Shrestha also mentioned further more as followings points:

Why Global Surveyors Day to be observed ?

Various organizations and agencies observe their World Day in their own way in one particular day of the year. For example, World Womens Day will be celebrated on the 8th of March. In the same way, International Labour Day is   observed on 1st of May every year. So now it is started to mark the Global Surveyors Day every year. In order to highlight the importance of a Surveyor, their job and the field work all over the world, the date 21 March has been chosen and named Global Surveyors Day. It is necessary to highlight that the tools as surveying, mapping and related GIS data and materials will be prepared and produced by the Surveyors, which are necessary for the planning and implementation of various economic development of the country. Nepal has a huge potentiality of hydro-power generation. To plan and execute the hydro-power project, at first it needs accurate and exact maps and related data. The Nepali Surveyors generate these materials and the concerned Engineers use it as their essential tool. So is the case for road construction project, urban/rural development programs, tourism development planning, so on and so forth in Nepal. So these works of Surveyors should be highlighted and communicated through observing the Global Surveyors Day, also in Nepal.

Who are the Surveyors ?

According to FIG publication number-2 (1991), a surveyor is a professional person with the academic qualifications and technical expertise to conduct one, or more, of the following activities;

  • To determine, measure and represent land, three-dimensional objects, point-fields and trajectories;
  • To assemble and interpret land and geographically related information,
  • To use that information for the planning and efficient administration of the land, the sea and any structures thereon; and,
  • To conduct research into the above practices and to develop them.

Global Surveyors Day-12-1

What are the ethics and conduct of a Surveyor ?

According to FIG publication-17 (1998), Surveyors must have Integrity, Independence, Care and competence Surveyors duty is to

  • maintain confidentiality about the affairs of their current and former clients and employers unless required by law to make disclosures;
  • avoid conflicts of interest;
  • take environmental concerns into account in their operations and activities;
  • recognise the interests of the public when providing services to their clients or employers; and
  • conduct their work to the best of their ability, giving due consideration to the rights of all parties

Regarding the Code of Professional Conduct, a Surveyor must :

  • exercise unbiased independent professional judgement;
  • assume responsibility for all work carried out by their professional and non-professional staff;
  • avoid any appearance of professional impropriety;
  • Make no fraudulent charges for services rendered.

 Global Surveyors Day-16

It is important that Nepali professional Surveyors must be affiliated with the FIG through their national association, Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (NICS). In the mean time, Nepali Surveyors must obtain Survey License to make professional practices, as the medical Doctors get their licences from the Nepal Medical Council, also for those who work in government Hospitals.

Licentiate Surveyors of the world

  • Charles Bellamy of Laramine State of Wyoming had obtained the Engineer’s or Surveyor’s License in 1907. Other license holders were:
  • George Washington (First President)- USA,
  • Alexander Forrest- Western Australia, Joseph Murphy- London UK, Robert Gossett Woodthorpe- Captain Surveyor of India 1880,
  • George Everest, Surveyor General of India (1830-1843). These are some of the examples.


Some of the Nepali Surveyors (or worked in Nepal) are as followings :

  • Colonel Karna Shumsher JBR, Director of Survey Department
  • Netra Bahadur Thapa, Director of Survey Department
  • Tek Bahadur Rayamajhi, Director of Survey Department
  • JRG Harrop, Director of Survey Department (UNDP deputed)
  • ZM Wiedner, Deputy Director of Survey Department (UNDP deputed)
  • Arjun Bahadur Basnyat, Director General of Survey Department
  • Buddhi Narayan Shrestha, Director General of Survey Department (License Holder)
  • Ram Naresh Singh, Director General of Survey Department
  • Punya Prasad Oli, Director General of Survey Department (License Holder)
  • Baburam Acharya, Director General of Survey Department
  • Toya Nath Baral, Director General of Survey Department
  • Rabin Kaji Sharma, Director General of Survey Department
  • Krishna Raj BC, Director General of Survey Department
  • Rajaram Chhatkuli, Director General of Survey Department
  • Nagendra Jha, Director General of Survey Department (License Holder)
  • Madhu Sudan Adhikari, Director General of Survey Department


At the end, Shrestha suggested that surveying, mapping system and GPS/GIS activities of Nepal should be more scientific as the norms and standards set by FIG.


As the chief guest of the program, Secretary of the Ministry Gopi Nath Mainali expressed that Global Surveyors Day will create awareness to the Surveyors of Nepal on their services to the society.  It will help to resolve the issues in connection to perform the surveying and mapping activities. It has to make well manage the works of Surveyors on the land, above the crust and underneath the surface of the world. Mainali further said, Surveyors must be active. They must author their professional books and articles. Their profession should be respectful and take moral accountability. The maps which are necessary for the development of economic project must be correct and reliable. It will be co-ordinated by the government organizations.

In the program, Director General Ganesh Bhatta opined that we have to be good and professional Surveyors. Role of the Surveyors is important for the nation. Maps are the basic tool for the development of infrastructure in the country. Private and public sector Surveyors must have good co-operation and co-ordination to prepare scientific maps and accurate data, needed for the implementation of various projects for the benefit of the people.

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From the chair of the program, Punya Prasad Oli thanked all the dignitaries who made the program successful. He also expressed that Surveyors must make their profession successful writing articles and books on the background of their knowledge and work experience. It will also be a kind of service to the people of the society.

Group Photo

As the master of ceremony (MC) of the program, Treasurer of NICS Rajendra Prasad Maratha gave the vote of thanks to all the members of NICS, Survey Officers and  high ranking Survey officials who were present in the program. He informed that NICS is going to conduct the next batch of  training on Real Estate Valuation in a near future. He requested to send trainees from various organizations. He also informed that ten trainees from the friendly country Bhutan will be participating in the training. The subject matter of  real estate valuation is concerned in one of the ten commissions of FIG.


Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors AGM


Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors

Fifth Annual General Meeting


            Fifth Annual General Meeting of Nepal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (NICS) was organized on 4 October 2013 at Survey Department (SD) Geodetic Hall. Members of NICS and other dignitaries, including Nagendra Jha- Director General of Survey Department, Rabin Kaji Sharma- Former Director General of Survey Department and President of Nepal Remote Sensing and Photogrammetric Society (NRSPS), Saroj Chalise- General Secretary of Nepal Surveyors Association (NSA), Kalyan Gopal Shrestha- Executive Director of Land Management Training Center (LMTC), Hridaya Narayan Mishra- Deputy Director General of SD and other Survey Department Officers were present at the function. The meeting was chaired by Buddhi Narayan Shrestha- President of NICS and Former Director General of Survey Department. Shambhu Gyawali- Executive Member of NICS conducted the program as master of ceremony.


            At the beginning of the program, Punya Prasad Oli- Vice President of NICS and Former Director General of Survey Department welcomed all the members and invitees and participants on behalf of NICS and his own. He expressed, surveying and mapping are necessary for the design, implementation and execution of economic development projects in Nepal. Survey professionals have to maintain the standard of mapping according to the national specification.


            Mahendra Sigdel- General Secretary of NICS presented the progress report of work done during the last year and program for the coming year. He explained the activities carried out by the NICS such as; it was conducted the seven weeks Real Estate Valuation Training Program in collaboration with the Purbanchal University for 23 participants. NICS has established a prize (with the support of Punya Prasad Oli) concerning the contest on the designing of specification of Digital Cadastre.


The NICS Executive authorities have discussed with the Governor of Nepal Rastra (Central) Bank, President of Bankers Association, Citizen Bank, Nepal Rastriya Banijya Bank concerning to provide the work of the property valuation to the NICS and its members. It was discussed that if the valuation work is provided to NICS, it should have been realistic valuation. As a result, the commercial banks should not bear losses while providing credit and loan to the housing companies and land developers, if the property would have been evaluated through the NICS. Governor of Rastra Bank and Bankers Association President assured that they will process for the enactment.


On the other hand many meetings have been conducted with the Director General and officials of Survey Department to make process to amend some of the Articles and sections of the Land (Survey & measurement) Regulations, 2058 to enact the work of Chartered Surveyors, also for the valuation of real estate property. He also informed that website of the Institution has been launched.

            Rajendra Maratha- Treasurer of NICS and Former Chief Survey Officer of SD presented a report on the income and expenditure of the NICS. He summed up that the income was Rs. 369,400 and the expenditure was Rs. 332,000 and Rs. 37,000 was the saving during the last fiscal year. He informed that Rs. 25,000 have been saved from the real estate valuation training program. He also mentioned that International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) membership has been renewed on time transferring the annual membership fee. Rs. 6,000 has been provided as an advance for the creation of website of the Institution.


Buddhi Narayan Shrestha- President of NICS and Former Director General of Survey Department said the Chartered Surveyor License Holders must obtain to work amending the Articles 26 to 28 and 31 and some of its clauses of the Land (Survey & Measurement) Regulations, 2058. Chartered Surveyors have obtained the License from the Government Survey Department and they have deposited an amount of money and renewed their licenses year after year according to the Regulations. But they have not yet provided ‘Work Directory.’ It is requested to the Survey Department to issue the Directory as soon as possible.

            The Regulation should be amended accommodating also the lower level Surveyors. For this, the Survey Licensing system should consist of three levels: 1) Chartered Surveyors, 2) Senior Surveyors and 3) Surveyors. Since Chartered Surveyor has been already established, who have completed Graduate Level Academic Qualification. And now, two more levels of Survey Licensing should be arranged for the Diploma Holders and Under Graduates, with an amendment of Land (Survey & measurement) Regulations, 2058. This will solve the bottleneck of Survey Licensing System in Nepal. On the other hand 37 other graduate level survey professionals have applied for the license. They should be provided licenses as per Regulations, completing the process of examination and certification by the ‘Survey Licensing Committee.’ It is worth mentioning that survey licensing system has been prevailed in Singapore, Malaysia and so many countries of the world.


            Licensing system in Nepal in other disciplines is prevalent. This is not new in Nepal. Lawyers, Medical Doctors, Construction Engineers etc must obtain licenses to practice and perform their work. For example, medical doctors must obtain Registration Number compulsory from the Medical Council, whether they work for the government hospitals or private clinic. In Nepal, the first License was managed for Lawyers in 1956. At present they have three levels: Senior Advocate, Advocate and Agent (Abhikarta). Similarly, licensing system was started in medical field in 1979. With this perspective, it is deserving that all the Surveyors must hold License, whether they work in government sector or private consulting companies.

            In fact, Survey Licensing system is necessary to enhance and develop the surveying and mapping activities in the country. In this modern age, all the works to be done for the development of nation by the government organization alone are not possible due to the volume of work. So the private sector should perform most of the works, and the government agencies must fix norms, standards and specification; and inspect and supervise the works done by the private consultants and contractors. If the work volume of private sector is increased, the significance and respect to the professionals will be enhanced. In mapping sector, we have also Nepal Surveyor Association, Nepal Remote Sensing and Photogrammetric Society, Nepal Geographical Information Society (NGIS) etc.

            President Shrestha informed that International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) 25th World Congress is going to be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 16 to 21 June 2014. The theme of the Congress is ‘Engaging the Challenges- Enhancing the Relevance.’ It’s the first time in Asia the FIG Congress is going to be organized in Kuala Lumpur. NICS is the Member Association from Nepal. SD is the Affiliate Member and LMTC is the Academic Member. Nepal, being an Asian country let us participate the Congress as many as possible from Nepal. Let us submit the working paper as well for presentation. The due date is 1 December 2013. I have already submitted the Abstract for the FIG Congress. World Congress of every one’s profession will be regarded also as ‘Pilgrimage.’ While attending such congresses, we can meet old friends and renew friendship; and make new friends. At the same time, we could acquire some more modern technologies, knowledge and information in our field. We can update our knowledge and know-how, so that we can apply in our country as well.


            Shrestha also mentioned that FIG has invited bidding from Member Associations to host FIG Working Week-2017 and 2018. The due date is 30 November 2013 for WW-2017. Let us bid from Nepal to host the event. If we are successful in bidding, this will be a prestige of not only for NICS, but also Survey Department, Ministry of Land Reform & Management and the whole country. Shrestha requested Ganesh Prasad Bhatta, Chief Survey Officer and head of technical planning of SD, who was present in the program, to prepare a bid proposal document for WW-2017.


It is to be mentioned that Bhatta had also prepared this type of proposal last time to bid for FIG Working Week-2014. It was presented by Kalyan Gopal Shrestha- Executive Director of Land Management Training Center (LMTC) and Niraj Manandhar, Chief Survey Officer in Rome. But we obtained the second position, while it was voted. Let us hope, we will be successful this time to host the FIG WW in Nepal in 2017 in association with SD/Kathmandu University/MoLRM/NRSPS/NSA/LMTC.

            In the program, Nagendra Jha- Director General of Survey Department said, a proposal has been already sent to the Ministry of Land Reform & Management for the amendment of Land (Survey & measurement) Regulations, 2058 to enact the license. It was discussed extensively and prepare an amendment in the concerning Article of the Regulation. It is expected to receive co-operation for this from all corners.

SD will always help to NICS to develop the survey profession. Those qualified Surveyors, who have applied for another lot of Survey Licenses, will be entertained. The process will be started soon. It is also necessary to brief the representatives of the Bankers and members of Bankers Association to explain the work of SD and NICS as well.


            Jha further said right now, survey professionals, who are engaged especially on cadastral survey works, have been attacked and challenged by various elements. Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) has eyed to the Cadastral Surveyors, who are working in the District Survey Offices. Recently, the CIAA has taken action against some Cadastral Surveyors. But it is not decided whether the Surveyors have done wrong. In this situation, all the survey professionals must explain the constraint and limitations of the cadastral survey work of by-gone days. It has to expose the real technical fact of the cadastral mapping which was done 45 years ago. It has been explained defensively in the MoLRM. However, it needs some louder voice from the Surveyors community.

            Rabin Kaji Sharma- Former Director General of Survey Department and President of Nepal Remote Sensing and Photogrammetric Society wished all the success of this annual general meeting of the NICS. Future of NICS is bright to develop the activities of the survey professionals in Nepal. We have to make understandable of the importance of the Chartered Surveyors to other professionals. Let us hope that License Holder Chartered Surveyor will obtain to start to work in an efficient and effective manner very soon. NRSPS is ready to co-operate NICS to develop further the mapping and surveying activities in Nepal.


            As an invitee, Saroj Chalise- General Secretary of Nepal Surveyors Association expressed the view of the Association that previously, it was not clearly defined on the Survey Licensing System. Now it is going to be clear on it. Let us sit down together once again and decide how to go to develop our profession and surveying and mapping activities in our country. We, the Surveyors are weak in collaborative idea. So let us go together.


            If we all had obtained Survey Licenses, we could work also at morning and evening, after or before government working period. We could earn something more and we would be able to pay government taxes more and it would help to generate government revenue more. Now let us try to formulate Survey Council Act for the benefit of all grades of Surveyors. This will provide more validity in our profession and professional career. Nepal Surveyor Association is not far from NICS. Let us march together further ahead hand with hand.

            Dr. Padma Raj Lamichhane, Executive Member of NICS thanked all who were present in the program and also who had provided moral support, on behalf of the Institution and his own. Survey Department Geodetic Survey Branch is thankful for providing meeting hall.


            It is mentionable that an effort as struggle was made to make the ‘birth’ of the Chartered Surveyors in Nepal. It has shown the path of development. Initially, we were engaged in writing documents and forwarding it to the ministry through proper channel to obtain the License. This was a kind of professional interest in an integrated approach. As a result, we have received the Surveying License and we are the Government Registered License Holders, paying license fees with depositing some amount of money and renewing the license annually. We have Authoritative Certificate to work. But we are deprived of work officially due to lack of ‘Working Directory.’ However, it is hoped that the Regulations will be amended in due time; and Directory will be finalized to go to work by the License Holder Chartered Surveyors of Nepal within the umbrella of NICS.


            At the end of the program, the reports presented by the General Secretary and Treasurer of NICS were passed with great applaud.

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