Jange – Buddhe

junge-buddhe

This book is a collection of autobiographical write-ups related with Jange (Jumbo) Pillar; and Nepal-India border issues. Most of the chapters of this book are related to the boundary of Nepal, whether it is connected to any person or any reference material or any occurrence that may be belinked with incidents. The book includes the subject matters of the  boundaries, boundary literature, biography, auto-biography and philosophy of life in some extent.

 

Jange means-   Janga Bahadur, Former Prime Minister of Nepal, who initiated to                                       construct masonry ‘Jumbo Border Pillar.’

Buddhe means-   Buddhi Narayan Shrestha, who is making study and research on the Jange         (Jumbo) Border Pillar.

 

 

Publisher: Makalu Publishing House

Dillibazar, Kalikasthan

Post Box No. 3880

Phone: 01-4435-148

E-mail: linkmph@gmail.com

Web:makalupublication.com.np

 

Copyright: © The author

Lay-out: Gyanu Maharjan

Printing: Sopan Press, Dillibazar

First Edition: July 2016

Price Rs. :

ISBN : 978-9937-622-58-5

 

 

Junge-Buddhe

By- Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

Boundaries – Boundary Literature

Biography – Autobiography – Philosophy

 

 

Table of Contents

  1. Author’s Expression 1-8

 

  1. Preface by critic Khekob 9-58

 

  1. Buddhe goes on counting the Jange (Jumbo) Border Pillars 59 -130

– Missing the Jange Pillar of Banawasa   64

– Nepal’s flag is missing   64

– whatever seen the position of Jange pillars at Thori   65

– Conducted the counting of Jange pillars to the Parliamentarians Team   68

– Land ownership certificate just a scrap of paper   70

– Fallen Jange border pillar near Pyarataal   72

– Embraced to Jange pillar   74

– Jange pillar into the water bed   76

– Jange claimed 160 Bigha of land   77

– Accompanied the Hon’ble  Minister at Susta   78

– Did you talk the wedding matter of your daughter ?   87

– 19 big-gun salute to Jange   89

– Sleeping as Nepali at night, turned into Indian getting up the following morning   93

– Nearabout to be shooted by a gun   95

– Status of Jange border pillar   103

– Pension pay nearly lost   108

– Nepali land has been injured   112

– Jange traveled towards London   113

– Buddhe makes salute to Jange   120

– Jange’s journey to France   123

– It is said, lonely Jupiter planet is false !   12 9

 

  1. Who said what on the boundaries from Jange to Buddhe’s time period 131-148

 

  1. Buddhe’s own synopsis related to the border 149 – 186

– Time did not favour to make available my book to Jagadish Ghimire   151

– Condoliece to late Dr. Dayanand Bajracarya 152

– Thinking of twelve hundred Rupees gone doing nothing    155

– The moment I heard that I received Madan Prize   156

– Let everybody make memory to Purnaprakash Yatri    158

– The event of receiving Madan Prize   159

– Conferred Madan Prize and the Indian Embassy   160

– Greediness to receive Madan Prize second time   161

– Would hesitate to honour and felicitate

– Conferred Letter of Felicitations and Letter of Appreciations  in lieu of hesitations   163

– Establishment of boundaries data set and its details   164

– Border business and the Indian Ambassador   166

– Episode of book release   167

– Your article has not been found to read!   169

– I must response ‘Yes Sir’ while the boundary calls me   179

– Dr. Washburn had intended to make me available American Green Card   180

– Matter of measuring the height of Mt. Everest   182

– Twin daughters have been taken out of the boundary   183

 

  1. Expressions relating to Madan Prize and others 187-201

– Buddhe’s expression during the time of honouring by Madan Prize   187

– Welcome address by the Chairman of Madan Prize Trust   190

– My responsibility has been added by the honour   192

– Continuing  journey on boundary studies   194

 

  1. Buddhe’s philosophy of life through his own mouthpiece 202-251

– Whatever happens, it happens for goodself   202

– Give me high thinking   210

– Let it destroy all types of enemies   212

– Advantage to the calf during the fighting of bulls   214

– How it comes, it goes in the same way   218

– Wanting to be a low profile and back bencher   21 9

– Virtue (good work) should be done by ourselves   223

  • Work to prepare new series of boundary demarcated Basic Topographical Maps  224
  • Topographical mapping work of Lumbini Zone and Susta border 22 9
  • GPS surveying work for the first time in Nepal 232
  • Post of Dirctor General converted from administrative to technical service  236
  • Could not create the post of Survey Officer in the District Survey Offices  239
  • Oh, public and government lands of Pokhara have been massively registerd as private land  240

– Age bar does not obstruct to knowing and learning further   242

  • Learnt to drive motor car at the age of 67 243
  • Learnt computer technology at the age of 53 246

– May fulfill, if it is determined enough   249

  • Promised not to wear pants before passing SLC Examination   249
  • Moustache was not shaved for 12 years   251

 

  1. Fund was created by Jange for the natural calamities 252-269

– Description of 25th April 2015 earthquake   254

– Number of earthquakes occurred in the historical period in Nepal   257

– Comparative account  of the earthquakes  between 1934 and 2015 AD   259

– Buddhe’s own experience about 2015 earthquake   263

– When will occur the next earthquake in Nepal ?   267

 

  1. Even the leaders recognize Buddhe 270-315

– Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’  in the context of Kalapani   270

– Madhav Kumar Nepal referring to Susta   272

– Sushil Koirala regarding the source of River Mahakali   273

– Sher Bahadur Deuba and Border Struggle Book   274

– Jhala Nath Khanal in the context of Lipulek   275

– KP Sharma Oli with the saying: no other than the same episode of border   278

– Bam Dev Gautam regarding new constitution and Kalapani Long March Episode   283

– Bidyadevi Bhandari in the context of border issue   289

– Dr. Ram Baran Yadav regarding the the Book Boundary of Nepal   290

– Dr. Baburam Bhattarai concerning the height of  Mount Everest   291

– Narayanakaji Shrestha with the episode of  Border Marker Number-57   293

– Mahendra Bahadur Pandey concerning Lipulek border pass   296

– Kirtinidhi Bista with reference to Kalapani border checkpoints   300

– Narayan Man Bijukchhen regarding national boundaries   302

– CP Mainali in the context of including Lipulek boundary   303

– Chitra Bahadur KC regarding his fellowmen training and federalism episode   305

– Kamal Thapa regarding also the context of 1950 Treaty episode   306

– Upendra Yadav concerning open border   308

– Mohan Vaidya Kiran  in the context of stressing Let us go to Lipuleka episode   311

– Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat regarding quiet diplomacy in Lipulek   313

 

  1. Who says what on Buddhe 316-351

– Dr. Basanta Gautam   316

– Jack Starmar   318

– Prof. Dr. Mohan Prasad Lohani   323

– Sudha Shrestha   326

– Chetendra Jang Himali   328

– Dr. Ram Dayal Rakesh   330

– Prof. Dr. Surendra KC   333

– Raju Mrgendra Joshi   340

– Dirgha Raj Prasai   342

– Gopal Koirala ‘Tyagi’   343

– Dr. Mati Prasad Dhakal   346

– Hiranya Lal Shrestha   347

– Giri Narayan Rajbhandari   349

 

  1. Buddhe in the eyes of journalists 352-399

 

  1. If someone wants to know Buddhe 400-462

– Books published   403

–  Articles published   404

– National / International Presentation   417

– Radio / television interviews   423

– Newspaper interviews   444

-News published   446

– National / international seminar conferences   450

– Membership in professional and social organizations   452

– Award / honor / letter of appreciation and testimonials   453

– Medal and decorations   456

– Consulting services and professional works   457

– Government and other services   46 9

– Country / State Visit   461

 

  1. List of reference 463

 

  1. Photo Gallery 465

Text of Pilgrims Book House, Kathmandu, Nepal

Title:Junge-Buddhe

ISBN:9789937622585

Author:Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

Publisher:Makalu Prakashan Griha

Publish Year:2016

Edition:First Edition

Cover:Paper Back

Subject:Nepali Autobiography / Memoir / Nepali Non-Fiction / Nepali Politics

Language:Nepali

Remarks:B&W Photographs and Tables.

Pages:468

Size:138 x 216 mm

Weight(gms):520

Price:USD 7.35

                         ♣

 

Jange-Buddhe Book Review

Jange-Buddhe Book Review

junge-buddhe-mobile

Bande and Buddhe’s Co-work ‘Jange-Buddhe’

1-1234

Buddhi Narayan’s Book Launch

BOOK

Jange – Buddhe

junge-buddhe-mobile

Authored by-  Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

 

Jange means-   Janga Bahadur, Former Prime Minister of Nepal, who initiated to construct masonry ‘Jumbo Border Pillar.’

Buddhe means-   Buddhi Narayan Shrestha, who is making study and research on the Jange (Jumbo) Border Pillar.

 

The book ‘Jange – Buddhe’ was launched jointly on 9 August 2016 in a colourful function by the distinguished personalities- Nation Poet Madhav Prasad Ghimire, Senior Culture Expert Satya Mohan Joshi and noted critic Eminent Prof. Dr. Abhi Subedi amidst a grand programme in Kathmandu.

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Six television channels had covered and aired the news the same evening and mostly next morning as well. Various daily and weekly newspapers such as Kantipur, Nagarik, Annapurna Post, Nayapatrika, Gorkhapatra, Rising Nepal, RSS (National News Agency) etc had published the news next day. Some online media such as Radio Nepal, image FM, Hami Nepali, Nepal Aaja, Purbeli News, Thaha Khabar, Sambad Media, Nepal News, Faith Nepal, Maitri News, nepalromania.com, bishalnepal.com etc had carried the news. Kantipur Television (Rise and Shine Program) had interviewed Shrestha the following morning.  Some weekly and monthly and other magazines such as Nepal Weekly, Madhu Parka, Kanoon, Garima etc have published the review of the book. Followings are the news and views covered by media:-

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The book has described about the Jange (Jumbo) boundary Pillars that Janga Bahadur Rana has contributed to protect the boundary of Nepal by constructing the jumbo boundary pillars wisefully and efficiently during the British dominance in overall South Asia. The book has transmitted the message that Nepali people should be aware to protect border and frontier against the encroachment by neighbouring countries. Janga Bahadur brought back around 6.7 per cent of total territory of the nation from the British India, which was a part of lost territory during Sugauli Treaty.

 

Most of the historians use to tell-  Nepali people understand Janga Bahadur Rana as a cruel administrator who started the oligarchy regime in Nepal. Yes, this is as one side of the coin. But the other side of the same coin is that he was a nationalist, obedient of legal state, as he had prepared and announced the Penal Code of the nation, for the first time, to maintain rule and regulations of the laws by all. On top of these items, he was a crusader of border’s protection, as he had erected and established the ‘jumbo boundary pillars’ to protect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Nepal.

 

During the program, author of the book Buddhi Narayan Shrestha spoke that this book is a collection of autobiographical write-ups related with Jange (Jumbo) Pillar; and Nepal-India border issues. Most of the chapters of this book are related to the boundary of Nepal, whether it is connected to any person or any reference material or any occurrence that may be belinked with incidents. The book includes the subject matters of the  boundaries, boundary literature, biography, auto-biography and philosophy of life in some extent.

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Shrestha further spoke-  ‘needless to say, the Greek word  auto-biography’ is understood as autos means self, boas denotes life and graphe is the writing. At the same time British poet and critic Stephen Spender has defined that auto-biography is the story about oneself, written by himself. Thinker George Smitch has said that auto-biography is written by those who have spent public life and have played the important role in the historical events who have gained fame or defame, that represent the society. In this perspective he said, ‘I would like to mention that it is not me to tell you, but the readers of my book will evaluate whether this is or not the auto-biography as well, after they read the book. It is indeed a border literature that also reflects the philosophy my life as well. I have tried to add some literary flavour to the topic of boundary of Nepal,’

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Lauding the contribution of Janga Bahadur, Shrestha said ‘While 160 Bighas land of  Jamunah area of Banke District border area was encroached, Janga Bahadur sent a protest letter to the British Government  on 7 April 1862. It is to be understood that ‘many kings and prime ministers came and went since the demise of Jung Bahadur but none of them corresponded with India even there was the encroachment of thousands of hectare of land’ rued Shrestha. He said, his new book was his memoir that chronicled his struggles to protect the borders in relation to the Jange Pillars.

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The author of the book highlighted that on the basis of field study, 1,880 km long Nepal-India boundary is delimitated on the map with 8559 boundary pillars. However, only 4360 pillars have been erected on the ground so far. Among them 946 Jange Pillars had been constructed during British rule in India. Of 4,360 erected pillars, 499 have been washed away by the rivers. Besides, 202 Jange Pillars have been destroyed, disappeared and vandalized. In addition, 189 pillars have been in dilapidated condition.  Furthermore- 684 main, subsidiary and minor border pillars have to be repaired and maintained. According to him, these data have been chalked down on his recent book. So it depicts more or less a kind of condition and situation of the Jange Pillars along Nepal-India border.

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He further reiterated that Nepal’s 26 districts, out of 75, have been adjoined with Indian territory. There are encroachments, disputes, conflicts, cross-holding occupations, claims and counter-claims in 23 districts, having 71 spots and places. The total area of these issues have been enumerated as 606 square kilometer. The largest portion of encroachments are Lipulek-Kalapani-Limpiyadhura of Darchula district with 370 sq km; and second one is Susta area of Nawalparasi district with 145 sq km; and the rest 69 spots have been calculated as 91 sq km. All these data have been included in the book to make it lively. He has also suggested some means and ways to resolve the border related issues as well, while speaking.

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Lastly, the author thanked all those who joined the book release program from different sections of the society-  for example academicians and university teachers, former government bureaucrats, former Army Commander-in-Chief, former Police Officer, former AIG of Armed Police Force, former Chief of Intelligence Department,  former Chief Election Commissioners, former Royal Palace Secretary, former Commissioners of Commission of Investigation of Abuse of Authority, literate, poets, Film Director, renowned national singer, people’s singers, electronic and paper media persons, friends, class mates and other gentlemen and ladies. He expressed his gratitude to all who had spared their valuable time to attend the book release function.

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On the occasion, critic Prof. Dr. Abhi Subedi said,  although the term ‘border’ sounded abstract, Shrestha talked about tangible border symbolized by the Junge pillars. He noted that Junge pillar signified Nepalese power and freedom and this was a reason, why the country’s independence remained unchallenged for centuries.

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‘Junge pillars carry the political, legal, ethical and historical dimensions. They do not only symbolize the nationality of hill-origin people, they offered a sense of security to the Terai people living near the Nepal-India border,’ added Subedi. He said that Shrestha was a lone figure to defend the sanctity of border.

He added, readers who are interested on border related issues, Buddhi Narayan’s book will be useful and effective. The write-up depicts a balanced adjustment of the literature, history and auto-biography beautifully. It is the ability of the author to make the difficult subject matter, like the boundaries, to be readable in the literature form.

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Abhi Subedi further said in the program: Shrestha has written history, making an image to the Jange Pillar. Boundary formation and deletion work is being continued in the world. Our erased border is constructed after the Treaty of Sugauli. Politics, legality, historic and egoism have been made on that treaty. The book has caught the Jange Pillars that have been remained in the form of ‘Pole’ of Nepal’s freedom.

As a chief guest of the book release function, renowned Nation Poet Madhav Prasad Ghimire addressed lauding Shrestha: ‘I just sang the song for the glory of nation but Shrestha has accomplished concrete deed to the service of the nation. He has disseminated authentic information about the Jange Pillars set up along the borders.’

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Ghimire said: British India, who won most of the countries of the world, but Nepal was able to preserve and arouse its independence. It is indeed, Nepal’s identity must be preserved.  Political leaders must maintain the territorial integrity of the nation wisefully. It should not come into agitation while working for the shake of nation. Let us not bend to any of the neighbouring countries. Getting together each other, leaders must make harmony to preserve country’s sovereignty.

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Nation Poet Ghimire further said, it is not only to expand road and construct buildings in Kathmandu, but also we must be aware to make our border managed. We must have great responsibility upon our nation. As such, Buddhi Narayan has submitted himself to his work and contributed greatly to the motherland.

As a special inaugural guest of the program, Senior Culture Expert Satya Mohan Joshi said, Shrestha’s book has heralded a new type of writing in Nepal. ‘It is the start of writing the people’s history. It generates a feeling of nationalism among the people.’

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Joshi further said, now the country has gone to republican system. The country will remember the bad and good history of not only the work of King and Kingship, but also the work of the leaders of these days. In this context, the book has brought forward the history of the boundary of Nepal to make aware to the leaders and general people.

Joshi further spoke in the program: now the history will not work only saying that certain Malla King had constructed certain temple, but it needs to construct the sovereign history of the desire of the people.

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Drawing a comparison between Jung Bahadur and other prime ministers, he made a jibe: ‘While Jung Bahadur took back the lost territory from the neighbour, but many other Nepalese Prime Ministers just donated Nepal’s rivers to other.’

In connection to his speech, Cultural Expert Joshi expressed as a complaint that the State has neglected upon Prithvi Narayan Shah and Janga Bahadur, who had contributed on the construction and preservation of the nation. But the state requires attention to maintain their statues which have been in a condition of abandonment.

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In relation to the book Joshi said, Buddhi Narayan has presented much work to cultivate the national spirit, energy, enthusiasm and freshness by writing the book ‘Jange – Buddhe.’ It has provided an opportunity to Nepali to know the history of boundaries.

Prof. Dr. Khem Koirala, who conceived the title of the book, said writer Shrestha had reified the notion of nationalism at a time when an abstract nationalism was rife. He opined-  the attempt of Janga Bahadur to protect the boundary of Nepal and the study of Jange (Jumbo) Pillars made by Buddhi Narayan are as similarly courageous.

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Patriotism to the nation has been disappeared as the boundary and border pillars have been as abstract. In this context, the book is useful to create awareness to protect patriotism, national  feeling and nationality. Koirala said, if someone wants to know about Buddhi Narayan and what he is doing, what types of contribution he is making; the book will furnish the information.  He expressed that it was his privilege to write the preface of the book.

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Managing Director of Makalu Prakashan Griha Basudev Dhakal said during his welcome speech that Buddhi Narayan Shrestha has raised his voice  through his work writing various books such as Boundary of  Nepal, Border War, India-Nepal Frontier Barrage, Knowledge on Boundary,  Border Management of Nepal as Nepal’s geography and border-related books. He has written  hundreds of articles, dozens of timeless compositions for the readers.

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Acknowledging  his high value contribution,  he has been awarded more than three dozen national and international honors and awards such as Madan Puraskar (Prize), Itihas Shiromani Baburam Acharya Sodh Samman , Amar Singh Thapa Memorial Award, News24 Television Respect Felicitation, Dev Shamsher Felicitation, Yogi Naraharinath Trust Appreciation, Eduard Dolezol Award (Austria), Letter of Appreciation from International Federation of Surveyors (Copenhagen) etc.

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Dhakal said, it will not be exaggerated to say that as Janga Bahadur is named as ‘Jange’ while Buddhi Narayan should be named as ‘Buddhe’ as he has earned knowledge and done research, that has contributed for the protection of the country’s border, as he has brought forward the importance and fact & figure of the Junge Pillar to the society. The name Buddhe is not a symbol of negative example, but it is a metaphor filled with knowledge and wisdom, as the name has been synonymous. Lastly, I express my gratitude to the author for being given the opportunity to publish this masterpiece creation, entitled ‘Jange – Buddhe.’

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Literate Tulsihari Koirala was the Master of Ceremony in the program. He conducted the program in a well manner. He highlighted some texts of the book in between the speeches of the speakers. He said, the book is an anthology of the border issues and incidents of Nepal experienced by the author.

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At the back cover page of the book, short bio-data of the author has been inscribed as followings:

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Name: Buddhi Narayan Shrestha

 

Birth Place: Okhaldhunga Rambazar-5. Presently: Ghattekulo Height, Kathmandu.

 

Study: Master Degree (Geography) Tribhuvan University, Land Surveying (Calcutta), Land Use Mapping  (Canada), Land Information System (Germany), Remote Sensing Technology (Japan), Ph. D. Research Fellow (Border issues of Nepal and means to resolve the issues) Tribhuvan university, Boundary Demarcation and Maintenance Training, University of Durham (International Boundary Research Unit) U.K.

 

Experience: Director General-  Land Survey Department, Managing Director-  Bhumichitra Mapping Company, Consultancy services on Surveying & Mapping and Study, Research, Writing, Presentation and Publication concerning the boundary of Nepal.

 

Creation: Books: Jange-Buddhe, Border War, India-Nepal Frontier Barrage, Boundary of Nepal, Border Management in the context of National Security, Border Management of Nepal, Knowledge on  Boundary and Cadastral Survey for Public Usefulness. And in co-authorship: Nepal-India and China Treaty, Nepal-India Relations Past Present and Future, International Boundary Making. And Knowledge on Earthquake (under publication).

 

Other Writing: Published near about 400 articles and write-ups in the context of boundary of Nepal, Border Management, National Security, Issues of Submergence and ways and means to resolve the issues.

 

Discourse & Presentation:  More than 120 presentations in US (five States), London, Moscow, Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul; and national organizations and associations, and to the Prime Minister, Ministers and Parliament Speaker on the border issues of Nepal and its resolvation.

 

Prize, Award, Felicitation: 21 prizes, award and felicitations including Madan Puraskar-2057, Eduard Dolezol Award- Vienna (Austria), Certificate of Appreciation (Denmark), Itihas Siromani Baburam Aacharya Research Felicitation, Dev Shumsher Excellent Journalism Prize etc.

 

Conference: Participated and presented some papers in more than 40 conferences at home and abroad such as Border Regions in Transition-XII and XIV Conference (Japan-South Korea and France-  Belgium), Boundary Demarcation and Maintenance (UK), Negotiating International Boundaries (UK), Border Management in an Insecure World (UK), International Federation of Surveyors Congress- FIG (UK, Australia, Malaysia) etc.

 

Professional Membership: Members of more than 15 national and international organizations and associations including International Boundaries Research Unit (UK), Association for Borderland Studies (Canada), International Real Estate Federation (France) and at home Nepal Institutions of Chartered Surveyors etc.

 

Travel: 31 countries of the world and 68 districts of Nepal (out of 75).

 

 

Buddhe Loves Jange

junge-buddhe-mobile

Jange – Buddhe

Book, written by

Buddhi Narayan shrestha

 

Buddhe Loves Jange

Book Review by: Tulasi Hari Koirala

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Jange-Buddhe Book Review

Jange-Buddhe Book Review

By

Senior Advocate Laxmi  Upreti

Published in Kanoon (Law) Bimonthly Magazine, Volume 118, Page 18

kanoon-junge-buddhe

Expression of A Border Activist

Expression of A Border Activist

सीमा अभियन्ताको अनुभूति

यो कृति मूल रूपमा सिमानाप्रतिको चिन्ता, चासो, अध्ययन र भोगाइको स्वकथन हो ।

 

sima-abhiyantako-promo

 

 

रामबहादुर रावल

दुई मुलुकका बीचमा बग्ने नदीको बीच भागमा सीमास्तम्भ हुनुपर्ने सिद्धान्त, अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय अभिसन्धि र प्रचलनबारे पढ्दा, त्यही ज्ञान अरूलाई बाँड्दा र अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सभा/सम्मेलनमा प्रस्तुति–प्रवचन दिँदा बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठलाई चसक्क मुटुमा घोच्छ । किनभने, नदीको ओल्लोछेउसम्मै छिमेकका राष्ट्रिय झन्डा गाडेका, प्रहरी पोस्ट राखेका दृश्य आँखाअगाडि आउँछन् । एकपल्ट देखिएका सीमास्तम्भ अर्कोपल्ट जाँदा सोही ठाउँमा भेटिँदैनन् ।

 

हो, सीमासम्बन्धी अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय नियम र सिद्धान्तहरू नेपालको हकमा लागू हुँदैन । कतिसम्म भने नेपालीहरू महाविपत्तिले थिचिएका बेला दुई ठूला छिमेकी नेपाली भूमि लिपुलेक उपयोग गर्ने कुरा आपसी सौदाबाजीमा टुंग्याउँछन् । ५० वर्षदेखि नेपालको कालापानीमा भइआएको भारतीय अतिक्रमणमा चिनियाँ छाप लाग्छ । भूराजनीतिको यो विशिष्ट विडम्बना संसारका अन्य मुलुकले सायदै बेहोरेका छन् । तर, यही मुलुकमा सबभन्दा बढी बिक्री हुने माल राष्ट्रवाद हुन्छ । जंगे र बुद्धे यही विडम्बनाका बीचबाट जन्मिएको कृति हो ।
राष्ट्रवादको खेती जसले जतिसुकै गरे पनि जंगबहादुर राणा (जंगे)पछिका कुनै पनि शासकले नेपाली भूमिको असल रूपमा रक्षा गर्न सकेका छैनन् भन्ने निष्कर्षमा नापी विभागका पूर्वमहानिर्देशक एवं सीमा–अभियन्ता बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठ पुगेका छन् । र, सिमाना जोगाउन जंगबहादुरले जेजति काम गरे, त्यसैको कृतज्ञतामा उनले पुस्तकको नाम राखेका छन् । र, आफ्नो जीवनकर्म पनि मूल रूपमा सीमासम्बन्धी नै भएकाले जंगेसँगै आफ्नो नाममा अनुप्रास मिलाएका छन्, बुद्धे ।
श्रेष्ठको यो कृति मूल रूपमा सिमानाप्रतिको चिन्ता, चासो, अध्ययन र भोगाइको स्वकथन हो । उनी राजनीतिकर्मी, विधायक, सञ्चारकर्मी, अभियन्ताहरूलाई लिएर बेलाबेला सीमाछेउ पुगिरहन्छन् । नक्सालाई जमिनमा भिडाउँछन् । आजसम्म शासन सत्तामा पुगेका प्राय: सर्वोच्च, उच्च र मध्यम तहका नेताहरूले विभिन्न समयमा उनको राय–सुझाव लिएका रहेछन् । सबैजसो प्रधानमन्त्री, आधा–उधी मन्त्रीलाई घरैमा गएर सल्लाह दिएका रहेछन् । उनकै शब्दमा, सीमारेखा देखाउन, पथप्रदर्शन गर्न पाएपछि मख्ख पर्छन् र गिदीमा रहेको ज्ञान बाँड्न पाउँदा खुसी हुन्छन् ।
पुस्तकमा स्थलगत भ्रमणका क्रममा भेटेका सीमाक्षेत्रका बासिन्दाका सास्ती र वेदना पनि छन् । बर्दियाको चौगुर्जीमा प्रमुख जिल्ला अधिकारी, प्रहरी प्रमुखसमेतका सामुन्ने स्थानीय नुवाजत धोबीले कागज देखाउँदै रोइकराइ गरेको मर्मस्पर्शी प्रसंग छ, ‘हजुर, मेरो १० कट्ठा ७ धुर जमिनको लालपट्टा यही हो । जमिन भारतीय बासिन्दाले मिचेर खाइरहेको छ । मेरो जमिनमा टेक्न जाँदा पनि तेरो पैर भाँचिदिन्छु भन्छ ।’
नेपालको संसदीय टोलीका सदस्यहरूलाई भारतीय सीमा सुरक्षा बल एसएसबीका जवानले थर्काएका प्रसंग कुनै फिल्मका संवादजस्ता लाग्छन् । छोरीको बिहे पक्का गर्न भन्दै अरूको मोटरसाइकलमा सीमावारपार गरी नापनक्सा लिँदा, सीमास्तम्भ खोज्दाको अनुभूति रोमाञ्चक छन् । सिक्किमले श्रीअन्तु डाँडा क्वाप्प पार्न लागेको, राती सुत्दा नेपालमा, बिहान उठ्दा भारतीय भएको लगायतका प्रसंगले हाम्रो सिमानाको संघर्षमय कथा बोल्छन् ।
सन् १९९३ मा जापानी सहयोगमा नापी विभागले तयार पारेको स्थलरूप नक्सामा सुस्तालगायत सीमा क्षेत्रको यथार्थ चित्रांकन गरिएको रहेछ, जुन पल्टाउन अहिलेका शासकहरूले हिम्मत नगरेको र चिसो गोदाममा थन्क्याइएको श्रेष्ठले उल्लेख गरेका छन् । घुमिफिरी उनी बरू जंगबहादुरकै पालामा हाम्रो हैसियत थियो भन्नेमा पुग्छन् । कतिपयले जंगबहादुरलाई ब्रिटिसको बफादार भन्छन् । हालका प्रधानमन्त्री प्रचण्डले संसद्मै हुंकारसाथ यस्तै अभिव्यक्ति दिएका थिए । तर, श्रेष्ठ यो मान्न तयार छैनन् । उनले उल्लेख गरेको विवरण अनुसार जंगबहादुरले भारत सरकार विदेश विभागका फोर्ट विलियमलाई ७ अप्रिल १८६२ मा रोष प्रकट गर्दै चिट्ठी लेखेका थिए, १ सय ६० बिघा नेपाली भूमि मिचिएकामा । ब्रिटिस रेजिडेन्ट तत्कालै गभर्नर जनरलका तर्फबाट अंग्रेज सर्भेयरहरूले हटाएका सीमास्तम्भ पुन:निर्माण गर्ने सन्देश लिएर आएका थिए । र, जंगबहादुरले पुन:निर्माण गर्न बाध्य पारेका थिए ।
पुस्तकमा कहाँनिर गाम्भीर्य छ र कुनचाहिँ व्यंग्योक्ति हो भन्ने छुट्याउन मुस्किल छ । लेखक स्वयंको दाबी छ, ‘सिंहको गर्जनजस्तै गरी यो पुस्तकले बजार थर्काउनेछ ।’ उनले अनौपचारिक मौखिक भाषाको हदैसम्म प्रयोग गरेका छन् । गम्भीर र संवेदनशील विषयमा कलम चलाउँदा र महत्त्वपूर्ण तथ्यको उद्घाटन हुँदा पनि वाक्य टुंग्याउनीको ‘एछ’ प्रत्ययले खल्लो र लेखकीय दाबीलाई हलुका बनाइदिन्छ । भोलि कुनै अनुसन्धाता, अध्येताले सन्दर्भसामग्रीका रूपमा प्रयोग गर्ने कि नगर्ने भनेर यही ‘एछ’ प्रत्ययका कारण चारपटक सोच्नेछ । विषयवस्तुको विविधता र प्रस्तुतिमा अनेकताका कारण उनको यो पुस्तक र लेखन शैली ककटेल बन्न पुगेको छ । ५० पृष्ठको भूमिका र त्यति नै लामो ‘भक्सपप’ नराख्दा पाठक र प्रकाशक दुवैलाई सहुलियत मिल्ने थियो ।

 

यद्यपि, पुस्तकमा निराशा मात्र छैन । हामीले पनि खोजी गर्दै गयौँ भने ती हराएका, नासिएका सीमास्तम्भहरू यथास्थानमा पुन:स्थापित गर्न सक्छौँ भन्ने विश्वास पनि श्रेष्ठले ठाउँठाउँमा व्यक्त गरेका छन् । जसले भावी पुस्तालाई पनि बुद्धे–मार्ग पछ्याउन प्रेरणा दिनेछ ।

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Sixty Years of Sino-Nepal Relationship

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