Buddhi Narayan’s Book Launch


Jange – Buddhe


Authored by-  Buddhi Narayan Shrestha


Jange means-   Janga Bahadur, Former Prime Minister of Nepal, who initiated to construct masonry ‘Jumbo Border Pillar.’

Buddhe means-   Buddhi Narayan Shrestha, who is making study and research on the Jange (Jumbo) Border Pillar.


The book ‘Jange – Buddhe’ was launched jointly on 9 August 2016 in a colourful function by the distinguished personalities- Nation Poet Madhav Prasad Ghimire, Senior Culture Expert Satya Mohan Joshi and noted critic Eminent Prof. Dr. Abhi Subedi amidst a grand programme in Kathmandu.



Six television channels had covered and aired the news the same evening and mostly next morning as well. Various daily and weekly newspapers such as Kantipur, Nagarik, Annapurna Post, Nayapatrika, Gorkhapatra, Rising Nepal, RSS (National News Agency) etc had published the news next day. Some online media such as Radio Nepal, image FM, Hami Nepali, Nepal Aaja, Purbeli News, Thaha Khabar, Sambad Media, Nepal News, Faith Nepal, Maitri News, nepalromania.com, bishalnepal.com etc had carried the news. Kantipur Television (Rise and Shine Program) had interviewed Shrestha the following morning.  Some weekly and monthly and other magazines such as Nepal Weekly, Madhu Parka, Kanoon, Garima etc have published the review of the book. Followings are the news and views covered by media:-



The book has described about the Jange (Jumbo) boundary Pillars that Janga Bahadur Rana has contributed to protect the boundary of Nepal by constructing the jumbo boundary pillars wisefully and efficiently during the British dominance in overall South Asia. The book has transmitted the message that Nepali people should be aware to protect border and frontier against the encroachment by neighbouring countries. Janga Bahadur brought back around 6.7 per cent of total territory of the nation from the British India, which was a part of lost territory during Sugauli Treaty.


Most of the historians use to tell-  Nepali people understand Janga Bahadur Rana as a cruel administrator who started the oligarchy regime in Nepal. Yes, this is as one side of the coin. But the other side of the same coin is that he was a nationalist, obedient of legal state, as he had prepared and announced the Penal Code of the nation, for the first time, to maintain rule and regulations of the laws by all. On top of these items, he was a crusader of border’s protection, as he had erected and established the ‘jumbo boundary pillars’ to protect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Nepal.


During the program, author of the book Buddhi Narayan Shrestha spoke that this book is a collection of autobiographical write-ups related with Jange (Jumbo) Pillar; and Nepal-India border issues. Most of the chapters of this book are related to the boundary of Nepal, whether it is connected to any person or any reference material or any occurrence that may be belinked with incidents. The book includes the subject matters of the  boundaries, boundary literature, biography, auto-biography and philosophy of life in some extent.


Shrestha further spoke-  ‘needless to say, the Greek word  auto-biography’ is understood as autos means self, boas denotes life and graphe is the writing. At the same time British poet and critic Stephen Spender has defined that auto-biography is the story about oneself, written by himself. Thinker George Smitch has said that auto-biography is written by those who have spent public life and have played the important role in the historical events who have gained fame or defame, that represent the society. In this perspective he said, ‘I would like to mention that it is not me to tell you, but the readers of my book will evaluate whether this is or not the auto-biography as well, after they read the book. It is indeed a border literature that also reflects the philosophy my life as well. I have tried to add some literary flavour to the topic of boundary of Nepal,’


Lauding the contribution of Janga Bahadur, Shrestha said ‘While 160 Bighas land of  Jamunah area of Banke District border area was encroached, Janga Bahadur sent a protest letter to the British Government  on 7 April 1862. It is to be understood that ‘many kings and prime ministers came and went since the demise of Jung Bahadur but none of them corresponded with India even there was the encroachment of thousands of hectare of land’ rued Shrestha. He said, his new book was his memoir that chronicled his struggles to protect the borders in relation to the Jange Pillars.



The author of the book highlighted that on the basis of field study, 1,880 km long Nepal-India boundary is delimitated on the map with 8559 boundary pillars. However, only 4360 pillars have been erected on the ground so far. Among them 946 Jange Pillars had been constructed during British rule in India. Of 4,360 erected pillars, 499 have been washed away by the rivers. Besides, 202 Jange Pillars have been destroyed, disappeared and vandalized. In addition, 189 pillars have been in dilapidated condition.  Furthermore- 684 main, subsidiary and minor border pillars have to be repaired and maintained. According to him, these data have been chalked down on his recent book. So it depicts more or less a kind of condition and situation of the Jange Pillars along Nepal-India border.



He further reiterated that Nepal’s 26 districts, out of 75, have been adjoined with Indian territory. There are encroachments, disputes, conflicts, cross-holding occupations, claims and counter-claims in 23 districts, having 71 spots and places. The total area of these issues have been enumerated as 606 square kilometer. The largest portion of encroachments are Lipulek-Kalapani-Limpiyadhura of Darchula district with 370 sq km; and second one is Susta area of Nawalparasi district with 145 sq km; and the rest 69 spots have been calculated as 91 sq km. All these data have been included in the book to make it lively. He has also suggested some means and ways to resolve the border related issues as well, while speaking.




Lastly, the author thanked all those who joined the book release program from different sections of the society-  for example academicians and university teachers, former government bureaucrats, former Army Commander-in-Chief, former Police Officer, former AIG of Armed Police Force, former Chief of Intelligence Department,  former Chief Election Commissioners, former Royal Palace Secretary, former Commissioners of Commission of Investigation of Abuse of Authority, literate, poets, Film Director, renowned national singer, people’s singers, electronic and paper media persons, friends, class mates and other gentlemen and ladies. He expressed his gratitude to all who had spared their valuable time to attend the book release function.


On the occasion, critic Prof. Dr. Abhi Subedi said,  although the term ‘border’ sounded abstract, Shrestha talked about tangible border symbolized by the Junge pillars. He noted that Junge pillar signified Nepalese power and freedom and this was a reason, why the country’s independence remained unchallenged for centuries.


‘Junge pillars carry the political, legal, ethical and historical dimensions. They do not only symbolize the nationality of hill-origin people, they offered a sense of security to the Terai people living near the Nepal-India border,’ added Subedi. He said that Shrestha was a lone figure to defend the sanctity of border.

He added, readers who are interested on border related issues, Buddhi Narayan’s book will be useful and effective. The write-up depicts a balanced adjustment of the literature, history and auto-biography beautifully. It is the ability of the author to make the difficult subject matter, like the boundaries, to be readable in the literature form.


Abhi Subedi further said in the program: Shrestha has written history, making an image to the Jange Pillar. Boundary formation and deletion work is being continued in the world. Our erased border is constructed after the Treaty of Sugauli. Politics, legality, historic and egoism have been made on that treaty. The book has caught the Jange Pillars that have been remained in the form of ‘Pole’ of Nepal’s freedom.

As a chief guest of the book release function, renowned Nation Poet Madhav Prasad Ghimire addressed lauding Shrestha: ‘I just sang the song for the glory of nation but Shrestha has accomplished concrete deed to the service of the nation. He has disseminated authentic information about the Jange Pillars set up along the borders.’


Ghimire said: British India, who won most of the countries of the world, but Nepal was able to preserve and arouse its independence. It is indeed, Nepal’s identity must be preserved.  Political leaders must maintain the territorial integrity of the nation wisefully. It should not come into agitation while working for the shake of nation. Let us not bend to any of the neighbouring countries. Getting together each other, leaders must make harmony to preserve country’s sovereignty.


Nation Poet Ghimire further said, it is not only to expand road and construct buildings in Kathmandu, but also we must be aware to make our border managed. We must have great responsibility upon our nation. As such, Buddhi Narayan has submitted himself to his work and contributed greatly to the motherland.

As a special inaugural guest of the program, Senior Culture Expert Satya Mohan Joshi said, Shrestha’s book has heralded a new type of writing in Nepal. ‘It is the start of writing the people’s history. It generates a feeling of nationalism among the people.’


Joshi further said, now the country has gone to republican system. The country will remember the bad and good history of not only the work of King and Kingship, but also the work of the leaders of these days. In this context, the book has brought forward the history of the boundary of Nepal to make aware to the leaders and general people.

Joshi further spoke in the program: now the history will not work only saying that certain Malla King had constructed certain temple, but it needs to construct the sovereign history of the desire of the people.


Drawing a comparison between Jung Bahadur and other prime ministers, he made a jibe: ‘While Jung Bahadur took back the lost territory from the neighbour, but many other Nepalese Prime Ministers just donated Nepal’s rivers to other.’

In connection to his speech, Cultural Expert Joshi expressed as a complaint that the State has neglected upon Prithvi Narayan Shah and Janga Bahadur, who had contributed on the construction and preservation of the nation. But the state requires attention to maintain their statues which have been in a condition of abandonment.


In relation to the book Joshi said, Buddhi Narayan has presented much work to cultivate the national spirit, energy, enthusiasm and freshness by writing the book ‘Jange – Buddhe.’ It has provided an opportunity to Nepali to know the history of boundaries.

Prof. Dr. Khem Koirala, who conceived the title of the book, said writer Shrestha had reified the notion of nationalism at a time when an abstract nationalism was rife. He opined-  the attempt of Janga Bahadur to protect the boundary of Nepal and the study of Jange (Jumbo) Pillars made by Buddhi Narayan are as similarly courageous.


Patriotism to the nation has been disappeared as the boundary and border pillars have been as abstract. In this context, the book is useful to create awareness to protect patriotism, national  feeling and nationality. Koirala said, if someone wants to know about Buddhi Narayan and what he is doing, what types of contribution he is making; the book will furnish the information.  He expressed that it was his privilege to write the preface of the book.


Managing Director of Makalu Prakashan Griha Basudev Dhakal said during his welcome speech that Buddhi Narayan Shrestha has raised his voice  through his work writing various books such as Boundary of  Nepal, Border War, India-Nepal Frontier Barrage, Knowledge on Boundary,  Border Management of Nepal as Nepal’s geography and border-related books. He has written  hundreds of articles, dozens of timeless compositions for the readers.


Acknowledging  his high value contribution,  he has been awarded more than three dozen national and international honors and awards such as Madan Puraskar (Prize), Itihas Shiromani Baburam Acharya Sodh Samman , Amar Singh Thapa Memorial Award, News24 Television Respect Felicitation, Dev Shamsher Felicitation, Yogi Naraharinath Trust Appreciation, Eduard Dolezol Award (Austria), Letter of Appreciation from International Federation of Surveyors (Copenhagen) etc.


Dhakal said, it will not be exaggerated to say that as Janga Bahadur is named as ‘Jange’ while Buddhi Narayan should be named as ‘Buddhe’ as he has earned knowledge and done research, that has contributed for the protection of the country’s border, as he has brought forward the importance and fact & figure of the Junge Pillar to the society. The name Buddhe is not a symbol of negative example, but it is a metaphor filled with knowledge and wisdom, as the name has been synonymous. Lastly, I express my gratitude to the author for being given the opportunity to publish this masterpiece creation, entitled ‘Jange – Buddhe.’


Literate Tulsihari Koirala was the Master of Ceremony in the program. He conducted the program in a well manner. He highlighted some texts of the book in between the speeches of the speakers. He said, the book is an anthology of the border issues and incidents of Nepal experienced by the author.




At the back cover page of the book, short bio-data of the author has been inscribed as followings:


Name: Buddhi Narayan Shrestha


Birth Place: Okhaldhunga Rambazar-5. Presently: Ghattekulo Height, Kathmandu.


Study: Master Degree (Geography) Tribhuvan University, Land Surveying (Calcutta), Land Use Mapping  (Canada), Land Information System (Germany), Remote Sensing Technology (Japan), Ph. D. Research Fellow (Border issues of Nepal and means to resolve the issues) Tribhuvan university, Boundary Demarcation and Maintenance Training, University of Durham (International Boundary Research Unit) U.K.


Experience: Director General-  Land Survey Department, Managing Director-  Bhumichitra Mapping Company, Consultancy services on Surveying & Mapping and Study, Research, Writing, Presentation and Publication concerning the boundary of Nepal.


Creation: Books: Jange-Buddhe, Border War, India-Nepal Frontier Barrage, Boundary of Nepal, Border Management in the context of National Security, Border Management of Nepal, Knowledge on  Boundary and Cadastral Survey for Public Usefulness. And in co-authorship: Nepal-India and China Treaty, Nepal-India Relations Past Present and Future, International Boundary Making. And Knowledge on Earthquake (under publication).


Other Writing: Published near about 400 articles and write-ups in the context of boundary of Nepal, Border Management, National Security, Issues of Submergence and ways and means to resolve the issues.


Discourse & Presentation:  More than 120 presentations in US (five States), London, Moscow, Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul; and national organizations and associations, and to the Prime Minister, Ministers and Parliament Speaker on the border issues of Nepal and its resolvation.


Prize, Award, Felicitation: 21 prizes, award and felicitations including Madan Puraskar-2057, Eduard Dolezol Award- Vienna (Austria), Certificate of Appreciation (Denmark), Itihas Siromani Baburam Aacharya Research Felicitation, Dev Shumsher Excellent Journalism Prize etc.


Conference: Participated and presented some papers in more than 40 conferences at home and abroad such as Border Regions in Transition-XII and XIV Conference (Japan-South Korea and France-  Belgium), Boundary Demarcation and Maintenance (UK), Negotiating International Boundaries (UK), Border Management in an Insecure World (UK), International Federation of Surveyors Congress- FIG (UK, Australia, Malaysia) etc.


Professional Membership: Members of more than 15 national and international organizations and associations including International Boundaries Research Unit (UK), Association for Borderland Studies (Canada), International Real Estate Federation (France) and at home Nepal Institutions of Chartered Surveyors etc.


Travel: 31 countries of the world and 68 districts of Nepal (out of 75).



Buddhe Loves Jange


Jange – Buddhe

Book, written by

Buddhi Narayan shrestha


Buddhe Loves Jange

Book Review by: Tulasi Hari Koirala




Jange-Buddhe Book Review

Jange-Buddhe Book Review


Senior Advocate Laxmi  Upreti

Published in Kanoon (Law) Bimonthly Magazine, Volume 118, Page 18


Expression of A Border Activist

Expression of A Border Activist

सीमा अभियन्ताको अनुभूति

यो कृति मूल रूपमा सिमानाप्रतिको चिन्ता, चासो, अध्ययन र भोगाइको स्वकथन हो ।





रामबहादुर रावल

दुई मुलुकका बीचमा बग्ने नदीको बीच भागमा सीमास्तम्भ हुनुपर्ने सिद्धान्त, अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय अभिसन्धि र प्रचलनबारे पढ्दा, त्यही ज्ञान अरूलाई बाँड्दा र अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सभा/सम्मेलनमा प्रस्तुति–प्रवचन दिँदा बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठलाई चसक्क मुटुमा घोच्छ । किनभने, नदीको ओल्लोछेउसम्मै छिमेकका राष्ट्रिय झन्डा गाडेका, प्रहरी पोस्ट राखेका दृश्य आँखाअगाडि आउँछन् । एकपल्ट देखिएका सीमास्तम्भ अर्कोपल्ट जाँदा सोही ठाउँमा भेटिँदैनन् ।


हो, सीमासम्बन्धी अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय नियम र सिद्धान्तहरू नेपालको हकमा लागू हुँदैन । कतिसम्म भने नेपालीहरू महाविपत्तिले थिचिएका बेला दुई ठूला छिमेकी नेपाली भूमि लिपुलेक उपयोग गर्ने कुरा आपसी सौदाबाजीमा टुंग्याउँछन् । ५० वर्षदेखि नेपालको कालापानीमा भइआएको भारतीय अतिक्रमणमा चिनियाँ छाप लाग्छ । भूराजनीतिको यो विशिष्ट विडम्बना संसारका अन्य मुलुकले सायदै बेहोरेका छन् । तर, यही मुलुकमा सबभन्दा बढी बिक्री हुने माल राष्ट्रवाद हुन्छ । जंगे र बुद्धे यही विडम्बनाका बीचबाट जन्मिएको कृति हो ।
राष्ट्रवादको खेती जसले जतिसुकै गरे पनि जंगबहादुर राणा (जंगे)पछिका कुनै पनि शासकले नेपाली भूमिको असल रूपमा रक्षा गर्न सकेका छैनन् भन्ने निष्कर्षमा नापी विभागका पूर्वमहानिर्देशक एवं सीमा–अभियन्ता बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठ पुगेका छन् । र, सिमाना जोगाउन जंगबहादुरले जेजति काम गरे, त्यसैको कृतज्ञतामा उनले पुस्तकको नाम राखेका छन् । र, आफ्नो जीवनकर्म पनि मूल रूपमा सीमासम्बन्धी नै भएकाले जंगेसँगै आफ्नो नाममा अनुप्रास मिलाएका छन्, बुद्धे ।
श्रेष्ठको यो कृति मूल रूपमा सिमानाप्रतिको चिन्ता, चासो, अध्ययन र भोगाइको स्वकथन हो । उनी राजनीतिकर्मी, विधायक, सञ्चारकर्मी, अभियन्ताहरूलाई लिएर बेलाबेला सीमाछेउ पुगिरहन्छन् । नक्सालाई जमिनमा भिडाउँछन् । आजसम्म शासन सत्तामा पुगेका प्राय: सर्वोच्च, उच्च र मध्यम तहका नेताहरूले विभिन्न समयमा उनको राय–सुझाव लिएका रहेछन् । सबैजसो प्रधानमन्त्री, आधा–उधी मन्त्रीलाई घरैमा गएर सल्लाह दिएका रहेछन् । उनकै शब्दमा, सीमारेखा देखाउन, पथप्रदर्शन गर्न पाएपछि मख्ख पर्छन् र गिदीमा रहेको ज्ञान बाँड्न पाउँदा खुसी हुन्छन् ।
पुस्तकमा स्थलगत भ्रमणका क्रममा भेटेका सीमाक्षेत्रका बासिन्दाका सास्ती र वेदना पनि छन् । बर्दियाको चौगुर्जीमा प्रमुख जिल्ला अधिकारी, प्रहरी प्रमुखसमेतका सामुन्ने स्थानीय नुवाजत धोबीले कागज देखाउँदै रोइकराइ गरेको मर्मस्पर्शी प्रसंग छ, ‘हजुर, मेरो १० कट्ठा ७ धुर जमिनको लालपट्टा यही हो । जमिन भारतीय बासिन्दाले मिचेर खाइरहेको छ । मेरो जमिनमा टेक्न जाँदा पनि तेरो पैर भाँचिदिन्छु भन्छ ।’
नेपालको संसदीय टोलीका सदस्यहरूलाई भारतीय सीमा सुरक्षा बल एसएसबीका जवानले थर्काएका प्रसंग कुनै फिल्मका संवादजस्ता लाग्छन् । छोरीको बिहे पक्का गर्न भन्दै अरूको मोटरसाइकलमा सीमावारपार गरी नापनक्सा लिँदा, सीमास्तम्भ खोज्दाको अनुभूति रोमाञ्चक छन् । सिक्किमले श्रीअन्तु डाँडा क्वाप्प पार्न लागेको, राती सुत्दा नेपालमा, बिहान उठ्दा भारतीय भएको लगायतका प्रसंगले हाम्रो सिमानाको संघर्षमय कथा बोल्छन् ।
सन् १९९३ मा जापानी सहयोगमा नापी विभागले तयार पारेको स्थलरूप नक्सामा सुस्तालगायत सीमा क्षेत्रको यथार्थ चित्रांकन गरिएको रहेछ, जुन पल्टाउन अहिलेका शासकहरूले हिम्मत नगरेको र चिसो गोदाममा थन्क्याइएको श्रेष्ठले उल्लेख गरेका छन् । घुमिफिरी उनी बरू जंगबहादुरकै पालामा हाम्रो हैसियत थियो भन्नेमा पुग्छन् । कतिपयले जंगबहादुरलाई ब्रिटिसको बफादार भन्छन् । हालका प्रधानमन्त्री प्रचण्डले संसद्मै हुंकारसाथ यस्तै अभिव्यक्ति दिएका थिए । तर, श्रेष्ठ यो मान्न तयार छैनन् । उनले उल्लेख गरेको विवरण अनुसार जंगबहादुरले भारत सरकार विदेश विभागका फोर्ट विलियमलाई ७ अप्रिल १८६२ मा रोष प्रकट गर्दै चिट्ठी लेखेका थिए, १ सय ६० बिघा नेपाली भूमि मिचिएकामा । ब्रिटिस रेजिडेन्ट तत्कालै गभर्नर जनरलका तर्फबाट अंग्रेज सर्भेयरहरूले हटाएका सीमास्तम्भ पुन:निर्माण गर्ने सन्देश लिएर आएका थिए । र, जंगबहादुरले पुन:निर्माण गर्न बाध्य पारेका थिए ।
पुस्तकमा कहाँनिर गाम्भीर्य छ र कुनचाहिँ व्यंग्योक्ति हो भन्ने छुट्याउन मुस्किल छ । लेखक स्वयंको दाबी छ, ‘सिंहको गर्जनजस्तै गरी यो पुस्तकले बजार थर्काउनेछ ।’ उनले अनौपचारिक मौखिक भाषाको हदैसम्म प्रयोग गरेका छन् । गम्भीर र संवेदनशील विषयमा कलम चलाउँदा र महत्त्वपूर्ण तथ्यको उद्घाटन हुँदा पनि वाक्य टुंग्याउनीको ‘एछ’ प्रत्ययले खल्लो र लेखकीय दाबीलाई हलुका बनाइदिन्छ । भोलि कुनै अनुसन्धाता, अध्येताले सन्दर्भसामग्रीका रूपमा प्रयोग गर्ने कि नगर्ने भनेर यही ‘एछ’ प्रत्ययका कारण चारपटक सोच्नेछ । विषयवस्तुको विविधता र प्रस्तुतिमा अनेकताका कारण उनको यो पुस्तक र लेखन शैली ककटेल बन्न पुगेको छ । ५० पृष्ठको भूमिका र त्यति नै लामो ‘भक्सपप’ नराख्दा पाठक र प्रकाशक दुवैलाई सहुलियत मिल्ने थियो ।


यद्यपि, पुस्तकमा निराशा मात्र छैन । हामीले पनि खोजी गर्दै गयौँ भने ती हराएका, नासिएका सीमास्तम्भहरू यथास्थानमा पुन:स्थापित गर्न सक्छौँ भन्ने विश्वास पनि श्रेष्ठले ठाउँठाउँमा व्यक्त गरेका छन् । जसले भावी पुस्तालाई पनि बुद्धे–मार्ग पछ्याउन प्रेरणा दिनेछ ।



Sixty Years of Sino-Nepal Relationship


Border Pillars Crucial to Save Sovereignty

Junge – Buddhe


Recently published Book written by:

Buddhi Narayan Shrestha


Various newspapers and electronic media published and aired the news of the launching of the book ‘Junge – Buddhe’. (Junge is named after the then Prime Minister of Nepal during 1860 AD; and Buddhe is named for Buddhi Narayan Shrestha). ‘Junge Pillar’ is the synonymous of ‘Jumbo Pillar’ (masonry boundary pillar). Two words ‘Junge Khamba (Pillar)’ are hanging on the tip of the common Nepali people’s tongue, after Junga Bahadur.

Following is the digital copy-paste of the news published by the Rising Nepal Daily, on 10 August 2016; in connection to the release of the book by Nation Poet Madhav Prasad Ghimire, Senior Culture Expert Satya Mohan Joshi and renowned writer Prof. Dr. Abhi Subedi jointly :-

Rising Nepal


Nepal-India Border Security Interest

Nepal-India Border Security Interest


Buddhi Narayan Shrestha


Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister Bimalendra Nidhi had visited New Delhi as the Special Envoy of Nepal. He had courtesy calls to Indian PM Narendra Modi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Home Minister Rajnath Singh and other dignitaries.


During the meeting with Nidhi’s Indian counterpart, Indian Home Minister Singh mainly talked about the security concern of Nepal-India frontier. At the end of the talk, Nepali DPM Nidhi invited his Indian counterpart to have a joint visit and observation on the border area. Singh accepted it and he will be visiting Kathmandu and he will go to Janakpur area of Dhanusha District of Nepal soon.


When the two home ministers will be on the border, they should be as ordinary people standing on the border crossing point of Jaleswar-Bhittamod at least for an hour. They will see the various discretionary activities of the Special Security Bureau (SSB), deployed by India along the border with Nepal. They will have an idea, how the open border between Nepal and India has been misused by  the criminals, terrorists, smugglers, abductors, fake Indian Currency Notes transporters, human traffickers and unwanted elements.


If they have to watch more detail of the misusing of the common border, both the home ministers should go to Belhi-Sunauli border crossing point of Rupandehi district, instead of Janakpur. Probably, they could see a type of drama over there, played by the security and immigration officials of both the sides, in the context of the crossing of the third country nationals, who are going to visit Lumbini- the birth place of Lord Buddha.


Most fascinating and wonderfully interesting, there will be no records that the third country nationals cross the international boundary. There will be no exit and entry record in the Indian side and at the same time, there will be no entry and exit record in the Nepali side as well. But actually, the foreigners surely might have gone to Lumbini and have a sight seeing for five-six hours and come back to India. The fact is that there will be a record  only the Bus vehicle has formally rolled forward and back, paying necessary entry fee and getting its formal receipt to ply to Nepali territory.


This type of misuse of open border between Nepal has been mentioned in the following article. In the mean time it has been suggested, in the following article, that the border should be ‘Regulated’ to stop the misuse of the international boundary by introducing ‘Identity (ID) Card.’ Had the ID card system introduced, the terrorists like the most wanted and red corner noticed Abdul Karim Tunda and Yashin Bhatkal would be arrested on the border check-point, while crossing India-Nepal border. The details have been mentioned in the following paragraphs :-


नेपालभारत सीमा सुरक्षाको चासो

बुद्धिनारायण श्रेष्ठ


विशेष दूतका रूपमा नयाँदिल्ली पुगेका उपप्रधान तथा गृहमन्त्री विमलेन्द्र निधिले आफ्ना समकक्षी भारतीय गृहमन्त्री राजनाथ सिंहसँग दिवाभोज सहितमा डेढ घन्टा भेटवार्ता गरेका थिए । भेटमा भारतले नेपालसँगको सीमा सुरक्षाप्रति गम्भीर चासो व्यक्त गरेको थियो । यसै क्रममा नेपाल–भारत सीमावर्ती क्षेत्रमा सुरक्षा व्यवस्था कस्तो छ भनी संयुक्त अवलोकन गर्न विशेष दूतले भारतीय गृहमन्त्रीलाई नेपाल भ्रमणको निम्तो दिएको कुरा उजागर भएको छ । भारतीय अतिथिले काठमाडौंपछि घनुषा जिल्लाको सीमा क्षेत्रको सुरक्षा र समस्या विषयमा क्षेत्रगत अवलोकन अध्ययन गर्ने कुरा भारतीय सञ्चार माध्यमले पनि प्रकाशमा ल्याएको छ । दुवै देशको खुला अन्तर–सिमाञ्चल क्षेत्रमा के कस्ता विकृति मौलाउँदै गएको छ भन्ने कुरा प्रत्यक्ष हेर्न/देख्न अब दुवै गृहमन्त्रीका आँखा खुलेका छन् । ती आँखाले के—के देख्न भ्याए भन्ने कुरा उहाँहरूको सगोल अवलोकनपछि दुवै देशका जनमानसले पनि चाल पाउनेछन् ।

विशेष दूत निधिसँगको राजनीतिक भेटवार्तामा भारतीय गृहमन्त्री सिंहले सीमा सुरक्षा चासोमा ध्यान केन्द्रित गरेका थिए । नेपाली सीमाभित्र हुने गरेको विभिन्न गतिविधिलाई पटक–पटक उठाएका थिए । मधेस आन्दोलनलाई इंगित गर्दै सीमावर्ती क्षेत्रमा लामो समय अस्थिरता हुँदा विभिन्न समूहले त्यसको फाइदा उठाउन सक्नेतर्फ उनले नेपालको ध्यानाकर्षित गराएका थिए । नेपाल–भारत सीमाको चार विन्दुमा संयुक्त एकीकृत सीमा सुरक्षा चेकपोष्ट निर्माणमा नेपालले देखाएको आलस्यपनाप्रति पनि सिंहले चिन्ता व्यक्त गरेका थिए । भारतले यस्तो चिन्ता उठाउनु स्वाभाविकै हो । छिमेकी मुलुकबाट भारतको सुरक्षा चासोमा कहिल्यै पनि आँच नपुगोस् भन्ने चाहना उसको रहेको छ । विगतमा भारतले हिमालयसम्मको सुरक्षाको कुरा उठाउने गरेको थियो । तर नेपालले पनि प्रतिआवाज उठाएपछि हिमालयको कुरा मत्थर भएको थियो । यस प्रसङ्गमा नेपालले पनि आफ्नो छिमेकीद्वारा सीमा विकृत नहोस् भन्ने कुरा अभिव्यक्त गर्नु स्वाभाविकै हुनआएको छ ।

नेपाल–भारत खुला सीमा वास्तवमा अवाञ्छित तत्त्वले दुरुपयोग गर्ने गरेका छन् । एक देशमा अपराध गर्छन्, अनि अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सीमा लुसुक्क पार गरेर त्यो अपराधी अर्काेतर्फ हराउने गरेको छ । सीमाको एकातिर आतंक मच्चाउँछन् र तिनै आतंककारी खुला सीमाबाट सुटुक्क अर्काेतिर छिर्छन् । भारतीय नक्कली नोट कारोबारी दिउँसै नेपालको सीमा काटी भारततर्फको बजारमा पुगेर आर्थिक विकृति फैलाउने गर्छन् । लागुपदार्थ झोलामा बोकेर हिंँडेका तस्कर विना रोकटोक अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय सीमा वारपार गर्छन् । नेपाली श्रमशक्ति बेच्ने युवा तथा चेलीबेटीलाई मानव तस्करले गैरकानुनी तरिकाले खुला सीमा पार गराई भारतको दिल्ली, मुम्बई हुँदै निषेधित देश इराक, जोर्डन पुर्‍याउँछन् र त्यहाँ अवैध धन्दामा लगाउँछन् । वीरगन्जका उद्योगी, व्यापारी र तिनका बालबच्चा अपहरण गरी रक्सौलको खुला सीमाबाट निर्धक्क भारतको बेतिया पुर्‍याइन्छ । फिरौतीको मोलमोलाइ र सौदाबाजी मिले त्यस्ता अपहरितलाई रिहा गरिन्छ । सौदा नमिले कतिको ज्यानै पनि लिने गरेको छ । खुला सीमा दुरुपयोग गरिएका यस्ता काण्ड प्रतिनिधिमूलक उदाहरण हुन् ।

नेपाल र भारतका गृहमन्त्रीले सीमाक्षेत्र अवलोकन भ्रमण गर्दा माथि उल्लिखित घटना सूक्ष्म रूपले हेर्न, देख्न, जान्न, बुझ्न सक्नुपर्छ । धनुषाको जनकपुरमा रहेको जानकी मन्दिर दर्शन गर्ने गराउने उद्देश्यले मात्र भारतीय गृहमन्त्रीको भ्रमण गराउनु हुँदैन । धनुषा सीमा जोडिएको महोत्तरीको भिट्टामोड–जलेश्वर सीमानाकामा सामान्य व्यक्ति भई एक घन्टा उभिएर हेर्नुभयो भने भारतीय गृहमन्त्रीले भारतबाट तैनाथ सशस्त्र सेनाबल (एसएसबी) को स्वविवेकीय क्रियाकलाप देख्न सक्नुहुन्छ । खुला सीमा भनिएको नाकाबाट वारपार गर्ने यात्रुलाई गरिएको विधि—व्यवहार त्यहाँ देख्न सकिन्छ । दुई बोरा खाद्य मल ल्याइँदै गरेका केही साइकलवालालाई छाडिएको, तर अलि पछि नयाँ साइकलमा आएका सुकिला—मुकिला सवारलाई गरिएको भिन्न व्यवहार गृहमन्त्रीले आफ्नै आँखाले देख्न सक्नुहुन्छ । स्मरणीय छ, नेपालसँगको सीमा सुरक्षामा भारतीय चासो बढेका कारण सीमावर्ती भू–भागमा भारतले ४५ हजार सशस्त्र सेनाबल तैनाथ गरेको छ ।

दौडाहामा आउने गृहमन्त्रीलाई साइरनवाला गाडीको पछिपछि दौडाइए सीमामा अक्सर हुने यस्ता वास्तविक क्रियाकलापको सुइँकोसम्म पनि उनले पाउने छैनन् । भारतका प्रधानमन्त्री नरेन्द्र मोदीले सार्क सम्मेलनका दौरानमा सतह मार्गबाट जनकपुरको जानकी मन्दिर दर्शन गरी काठमाडौं आउने मनसाय व्यक्त गरे तापनि उनले यस्ता विकृत दृश्य देख्छन् र भारतीय एसएसबीमाथि आँच आउँछ भन्ने शंकाले भारतीय प्रधानमन्त्रीको सतह मार्गको भ्रमण तिनै सेनाबलले रद्द गरेका थिए भन्ने त्यसैबेला छापामा प्रकाशित भएको थियो । अन्तत: हवाइमार्गबाट भए पनि जानकी मन्दिर दर्शन गर्ने मोदीको इच्छा त्यसबखत पुरा हुनसकेन ।


नेपाल–भारत सीमावर्ती क्षेत्रको सुरक्षा व्यवस्था कस्तो छ र सडक बाटो कस्ता छन् भन्ने सम्बन्धमा अवलोकन गर्न हाम्रा गृहमन्त्रीले उनका भारतीय समकक्षीलाई वास्तवमा धनुषा होइन, रूपन्देहीको लुम्बिनी दर्शन गराएर बेल्ही–सुनौली सीमानाका लैजाने प्रस्ताव गर्नुपथ्र्यो । त्यहाँ धनुषामा भन्दा बढी सीमा विकृत भएको हेर्न/देख्न पाउनुहुन्थ्यो । यो नाका तेस्रो देशको यात्रु भारत भएर नेपालको लुम्बिनी दर्शन गर्न आउने–जाने मुख्य सीमाविन्दु हो । यो सीमानाकामा यदाकदा गरिने (सधैं होइन) नौटंकी गजबको रहेको त्यहाँका बासिन्दा बताउँछन् । सीमाको दसगजा क्षेत्रमा उभिएर हेर्दा भारतको नयाँदिल्लीतिरबाट विदेशी यात्रुले टन्न भरिएको लक्जरी बस आएर भारतीय दसगजा सीमाचौकी नजिक रोकिन्छ । एक पथप्रदर्शक त्यो बसबाट निक्लेर भारतीय अध्यागमन चौकीभित्र छिर्छन् । अनि बसमा सफर गरिरहेको तेस्रो देशका यात्रुको नामावली सूची तेस्र्याउँदै अनौपचारिक दस्तुरी बुझाउँछन् ।


अर्का पथप्रदर्शक तेस्रो देशको यात्रुहरूको पासपोर्टको बन्डल बोकेर खुरु—खुरु नेपालतिरको सीमा प्रहरी/ अध्यागमन कार्यालयतिर दगुर्छन् । ती पासपोर्टहरू त्यहाँ छाडिन्छन् र पासपोर्टपिच्छे विदेशी मुद्राको रकम र केही थप दस्तुरी पनि त्यहीं दिइन्छ । त्यसको रसिद दिनेले दिँंदैन र लिनेले पनि आशा गर्दैन । यसपछि बसको बुझाउनुपर्ने इन्ट्री पर्मिट शुल्क बुझाई त्यसको रसिद हल्लाउँदै ती पथप्रदर्शक भारतीय सीमानजिक रोकिराखिएको बसभित्र प्रवेश गर्छन् । अनि त्यो बस सुनौली–बेल्ही नाकाबाट लुम्बिनीतर्फ हुइँकिन्छ । ती दुवै पथप्रदर्शकले तेस्रो देशका पर्यटकलाई ५–७ घन्टा लुम्बिनी क्षेत्रमा घुमफिर गराउँछन् । सजग नेपाली नभएको ठाउँमा ‘बुद्ध भारतमा जन्मेको ठाउँ यही लुम्बिनी हो’ भन्न पनि चुक्दैनन् । घुमफिरपछि बस फर्किंदै बेल्ही नाकामा रोकिन्छ । बसबाट पथप्रदर्शक उत्रेर अध्यागमनबाट पासपोर्टको बन्डल फिर्ता ल्याउँछ । अनि पर्मिट रसिद देखाएर बेल्ही नाकाबाट बस भारतीय दसगजाका सुनौली नाकातर्फ लाग्छ । फिर्तीको क्रममा बसभित्रका सबै पर्यटकलाई आ–आफ्नो पासपोर्ट फिर्ता दिइन्छ । सबैले आ–आफ्नो पासपोर्ट झोलामा हालेपछि बस हुइँकिन्छ, भारतीय ‘इनल्यान्ड’तर्फ । महत्त्वपूर्ण तथा खेदजन्य कुरा के छ भने ती पासपोर्टहरूमा नत भारतको ‘एक्जिट–इन्ट्री’ छाप लागेको हुन्छ, न नेपाल ‘इन्ट्री–एक्जिट’ छाप नै हुन्छ । यसबाट नेपाल दोहोरो मारमा पर्ने गरेको छ । नेपालीकै कारण सरकारले राजस्व त पाएन—पाएन । तर यसभन्दा पनि महत्त्वपूर्ण कुरा ती विदेशी यात्रुहरू बुद्ध भारतको लुम्बिनीमा जन्मेको हुन् भन्ने बौद्धिक छाप बोकेर आफ्नो देशतर्फ लाग्छन् । सीमामा योभन्दा ठूलो विकृत कार्य के होला ? यो घटना दुवै देशका गृहमन्त्रीले देख्नसके नेपाल र भारतबीच खुला सीमाको चर्तिकला चाल पाउँथे ।


      भारतका गृहमन्त्रीको सीमा अवलोकन भ्रमण बेल्ही–सुनौली विन्दुमा हुन नसकेमा पनि सीमामा हुने विकृति र अवाञ्छनीय क्रियाकलापलाई रोक्न सहयोग पुग्थ्यो । त्यसैले पनि अब सीमालाई नियमन गर्नु समयको माग भएको छ । जंगबहादुरले ब्रिटिसकालीन भारतमा उब्जेको सिपाही विद्रोह समन गरिदिए बापत नेपालले नयाँ मुलुक फिर्ता पाएपछि अनौपचारिक तवरले सीमा खुकुलो पार्न सुरु गरेको कालखण्डको परिस्थितिभन्दा आजभोलिका दिन भिन्नै छन् । विश्वका ५० भन्दा बढी देशमा सञ्जाल पिँmजाइएको भनिएको इस्लामिक स्टेट (आईएस) को आतंककारी क्रियाकलाप दक्षिण एसियाभित्र पसिसकेको कुरा बंगलादेशमा भएको आपराधिक घटनाबाट बुझ्न सकिन्छ । त्यसैले नेपाली अथवा भारतीय वासिन्दाजस्ता देखिने तेस्रो देशको आपराधिक कार्यमा लागेका व्यक्तिलाई खुला सीमाबाट छाडा तरिकाले घुमफिर गर्न नपाउने व्यवस्था गर्नु एकदमै वाञ्छनीय भइसकेको छ ।

यस प्रयोजनका लागि सीमानाकाको एउटा लामो कोरिडोरमा सिसिटिभी फिट गरी त्यसै कोरिडोरबाट यात्रुलाई आफ्नो नाम, ठेगाना, कति दिनका लागि कहाँ जानलागेको हो अथवा कहाँ गएर कति दिनपछि फर्केको हो भन्न लगाई फटाफट सीमापार गर्न दिनुपर्छ । यस कार्यलाई भित्री कोठामा रहेको ‘कम्प्युटर मनिटर’बाट अनुगमन गर्नुपर्छ । सन्दिग्ध यात्रुलाई कोरिडारको अन्त्यबाट बोलाई भिन्नै कोठामा लगेर केरकार गर्नुपर्छ । दोषी ठहरिए पक्राउ गरी कारबाही गर्नुपर्छ । यस्तो व्यवस्था गरिएको भए २०७० साउन ३२ मा पोखरामा पक्राउ गरी भारतीय प्रहरीलाई अनौपचारिक तवरमा वनवासामा हस्तान्तरण गरिएको उग्रवादी समूह लस्कर–ए–तोइबा सम्बद्ध तथा भारतमा भएको बम विस्फोटका योजनाकार एवं सन् १९९३ को मुम्बई आक्रमणको सन्दिग्ध आतंकवादी अब्दुल करिम टुन्डालाई सीमानाकामै पक्राउ गर्न सकिने थियो । यसैगरी २०७० भदौ १२ गते सीतापाइलामा पक्राउ गरी रक्सौलको भारतीय प्रहरीलाई बुझाइएको अमेरिकाले विदेशी आतंककारी संस्थाका रूपमा सूचीकृत गरेको इन्डियन मुजाहिद्दीन समूहका सहसंस्थापक यासिन भटकल पनि सीमापार गर्दानगर्दै पक्राउमा पर्नसक्ने थिए ।

सीमालाई नियमन (रेगुलेटेड) गर्नु सिसिटिभी व्यवस्थापनपछिको अर्को चरण भनेको सीमा वारपार गर्ने यात्रुले परिचयपत्र प्रस्तुत गर्नुपर्ने व्यवस्था अपनाउनु हो । सीमानाकाको अध्यागमन चौकीमा डिजिटल ‘स्क्यान’ मेसिन राखी यात्रुले पेस गरेको परिचयपत्र स्क्यान गरी आधा मिनेटभित्रै सीमापार गर्ने अनुमति दिन सकिन्छ । शंकास्पद यात्रुलाई भिन्नै कोठामा लगि केरकार गर्नुपर्छ । यसबाट सीमापार गर्ने यात्रुको डिजिटल तथ्यांक स्थापना भई उसको नालिबेली जानिन्छ । स्मरणीय छ, भारतमा धेरै प्रदेशका जनतालाई राष्ट्रिय परिचयपत्र वितरण गरिसकिएको छ । नेपालमा राष्ट्रिय स्मार्ट कार्ड तयार गर्ने कार्य सुरु हुनलागेको छ । यिनै प्रसंगमा नेपाल र भारतका गृहमन्त्रीले संयुक्त रूपमा सीमा अवलोकन गरेपछि दुवै देश बीचको दुरुपयोग गरिएको खुला सीमालाई क्रमश: नियमन गर्नेतर्फ चालिने पाइला दुवै देशका सुरक्षा चासोलाई सम्बोधन गर्न सहयोगी हुनसक्छ । प्रधानमन्त्री पुष्पकमल दाहाल प्रचण्डको भदौ ३० मा हुने भारत भ्रमणका समय र भारतका राष्ट्रपति प्रणव मुखर्जीको निकट भविष्यमै हुने नेपाल भ्रमण तथा राष्ट्रपति विद्यादेवी भण्डारीको भारत भ्रमणका समयमा पनि विकृत पारिएको तथा दुरुपयोग गरिएको सीमालाई समयको मागअनुसार नियमन (रेगुलेटेड) गर्ने कुराले प्राथमिकता पाउनु सान्दर्भिक ठहरिन्छ ।





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