Updated Border Encroachment and Dispute of Nepal- 2013

Updated Border encroachment, conflict and dispute

   of  Nepal with two neighbouring countries- 2013

71 Border Encroachment- 2013

          There are 75 districts in Nepal. Among them 26 districts have been adjoined with the southern neighbour- India. Likewise, 15 districts have been bordered with the northern neighbour- China. Two districts are common to both neighbours.

            Length of the Nepal-India and Nepal-China borderline has been computed as 1,880 kilometres and 1,439.18 kilometres respectively.

            There are encroachments, disputes, conflicts, claims and counter-claims in 71 spots and its total area is 60,662 hectare of land in 23 districts along Nepal-India border. Most of these are related to cross-holding occupation by the people of the other frontier. Dhanusha, Baitadi and Dadeldhura are dispute free districts.

            Ten years ago, total number of such encroachments and disputes had been 53 spots and its area was 60,000 hectare in 21 districts. Now it shows that18 disputed spots have been increased with additional 662 hectare of land and 2 more districts within a period of last ten years.

            So far as the northern neighbour or China is concerned, two border issues have been emerged for the last six years. One of them is located at north of Lapchigaun in Lamabagar area of Dolakha district. There is a controversy on the location of Border Marker Number 57. Disputed area consists of 6 hectares of land.

            The second issue is the height of Sagarmatha (Mount Everest). China has proposed and forced to write the height as 8844.43 metre on the Nepal-China Strip-map. But Nepal is firm to mention the traditional height as 8848 metre. China has pressed to take the rock height of Quomulungma (Mount Everest). In contrary, Nepal has pleaded to take the snow height, as the snow height has been maintained for all the mountains of the world. So the issues have been entangled and stranded.

  The detail of the unresolved spots and pockets of Nepal-India and Nepal-China border have been tabulated as below:

 

Number

of disputes / encroach- ment

 

Name of

district

Municipality/

VDC- Ward Number

Spots of disputes, conflicts and encroachment

Area in hectare (approximately)

Encroached date (approx)

1

Darchula

Byas- 1 and 2

Kalapani-Limpiyadhura (encroached during India-China border war)*

37,000

November 1962

2

Kanchanpur

Bhimdatta Municipality-9

Khalla Masita of western Brahmadevmandi and portion of Siddhanath temple×

15

1972

3

Kanchanpur

Bhimdatta Municipality-10

West of Brahmadev Bazar (east of Tanakpur Barrage or area of submerged boundary pillar 2 and 3 and portion of Tanakpur afflux bund**

222

 December 1991

4

Kanchanpur

Bhimdatta Municipality- 11

The land to be obtained on the exchange of land, given by Nepal to construct the Sharada Barrage*   

15

1928

5

Kanchanpur

Bhimdatta Municipality- 11

Land from Banabasa embankment to the canal of Gadda Chauki×

30

1979

6

Kanchanpur

Rauteli Bichawa, Jhilimili

Various spots of Suklaphanta wildlife conservation area and near to missing  boundary pillar (BP) number 229*

330

2001

7

Kanchanpur

Rampur Bilaspur-1

Portion of Bhuda village, Patalchula Nala and portion of Pachue village×

14

1978

8

Kanchanpur

Laxmipu-5

30 meter wide strip, south of Fatiya Gaon, near to BP- 200**

3

2007

9

Kanchanpur

Tribhuvanbasti-4

Kankadi Tal area near to the origin of Suheli Nala (Brook) i.e. land of  Karna Bahadur Sunar, Nika Nepali and Man Bahadur Sunar**

2

2007

10

Kanchanpur

Parasan-7, 8, 9

Pyara Tal (Nala) area (individual and government land from southern portion of Pyara Tal to fallen BP-195 and 6.6 hectare land belonged by Bichfanta National Secondary School)**

980

1978, 2003, 2005 and 2006

11

Kailali

Fulbari-

Forest area cut by Indian (course changed by Mohana river area located south of Fulbari village)**

5

2000

12

Kailali

Lalbojhi-8

Kauwakheda area (land of 25 families including Pratap Singh Saud)*

212

2004

13

Kailali

Bhajani-9

Kusumghat area (land of 48 persons including Biru Bika)*

39

3 January 2005

14

Bardiya

Rajapur-

South of Rajapur settlement area near to the eastern branch of Karnali River*

10

21 august 2006

15

Bardiya

Bhimapur-

Disputed area regarding present and the then course of Nakuwa Nala (brook)×

10

1983

16

Bardiya

Khairi Chandanpur-

South of Khairi village located near to the bank of Geruwa River*

4

 

17

Bardiya

Gulariya Municipality- 4, 9, 10

Chaugurji area in between old BP- 63 and 64; and the land east of Thapuwa*

7

 

18

Bankay

Holiya- 8, 9

Holiya area, located west of River Rapti and the land located north-west of BP- 19**

42

2001

19

Bankay

Narainapur-

Kerbariya Nala area located south of Narayanpur and north-west of Ghordhoriya×

9

2006

20

Dang

Koilabas-2

Along the road from Koilabas Bazar to India and the land adjoined to BP- 39/600**

25

1983

21

Kapilbastu

Krishnanagar-

Krishnanagar Bazar in the northern portion of No-man’s land of BP- 67/1*

1

 

22

Rupandehi

Ajma-

Marchawar area (South of Ajma settlement and west of Dano River along BP- 30)*

50

1999

23

Rupandehi

Siddhartha Nagar Municipality-

Belhiya border crossing area (Indians have constructed huts and houses along 10 meter wide strip)*

5

 

24

Nawalparasi

Susta- 1 to 4 and 6 to 9

As the river Narayani changed its course towards Nepal frontier, Indians have encroached the river left over area*

14,500

1845, 1941, 1954, 1964, 1975, 1986 and 2008

25

Chitawan

Rastriya Nikunja-

East of Tribenighat and south of Balmiki Ashram that Indians cut the forest and encroached the land*

170

1979

26

Chitawan

Madi Kalyanpur-

Portion of Madichure along Dara Nala**

4

 

27

Parsa

Thori (Nayabasti)-

Thute Khola, Thute Khola, South-east of Thori Bazar and Thori River and the area where  BP- 64 was washed away by the river**

70

1995, 2010

28

Parsa

Janaki Tola-9

Western part of Dasauta village (from BP- 419/20 to 420/13)××

7

June 2009

29

Parsa

Mahadevpatti- 6

Laxmipur Pipra area (south of the road which leads to Jaya Mangalpur)×

135

July 2009

30

Parsa

Birganj Municipality-

East of Customs office near to Ahir Tola and BP- 390 along Sirsiya River*

10

 

31

Parsa

Birganj Municipality-19

Chamar Tola of Inarwa near Miteri bridge (old Junge Pillar 33 to 35 were not recognized as main boundary pillar)**

6

February 2002

32

Parsa

Birganj Municipality-6

Portion of the 27.71 Acres of land from Miteri Bridge to Prewo Tola, bought by Nepal Government Transport Corporation from India on 29 June 1924×

5

1990

33

Bara

Dakchhin Jhitkaiya-6, 8

West of Katihariya and Fulbariya and east of Pasaha River adjoined with No-man’s land of BP381/31**

30

2003

34

Rautahat

Jokaha-7

Southern portion of Jamuna Jayanagar village that Indians cut the forest trees×

15

 

35

Sarlahi

Tribhuvan Nagar-

Tribhuvan settlement area located east of Jhim River, 70 metre wide strip from BP- 25 to 35, 38 and 39**

4

 

36

Sarlahi

Narayanpur-

Portion of Sangrampur village located at west of Hardi River**

8

1980

37

Mahottari

Samsi-

Portion of Kanawa Haat Bazar area. located west of Samsi Bazar area and east of BP- 313/3**

5

 

38

Mahottari

Siswa Kataiya-

West of Siswa Katiya settlement (original BP- 11 shifted to 50 metre north)**

9

2001

39

Siraha

Madar-

Inarwa Tola of Madar and southern portion of Chandraganj (southern area of the road from Siraha Bazar to Indian frontier)×

7

 

40

Siraha

Inarwa-

Western portion of Thandi and Bhati Balan River (land along the road from Thandi village to India)×

4

 

41

Saptari

Deuri-

Suwarnapatti area ( 50 meter wide strip along the river Kharag, shifting the pillar to Nepal side)×

40

 

42

Saptari

Baniyani-

Bardahi village area, near to Bhutahidhar river**

14

 

43

Saptari

Chhinnamasta-3

Near to Balarampur, south of Sakhada Bhagawati temple*

10

 

44

Saptari

Lalapatti-

Govindapur area (shifted Junge BP 60 to 100 metre towards Nepal*

33

 

45

Saptari

Tilathi-

Kunauli area Nepal’s government fallow land along the road from Kunauli to Nirmali Railway Station (demolished BP- 223/13)*

40

 

46

Saptari

Gobargadha-

Various spots from Bishnupur to Shivanagar area**

8

 

47

Saptari

Gobargadha-

Southern area of Gobargadha (west of River Koshi and south of Gobargadha)*

30

 

48

Sunsari

Hariharpur-9

Bhantabari-Kataiya ( 500 metre east of Koshi Barrage and south of East-West Highway, where there was a border wooden gate previously)**

15

1982

49

Sunsari

Kaptanganj-

Portion of Shivaganj and Pakariya×

8

 

50

Sunsari

Sahebganj-

South of Sahebganj habitation and west of Katlaha River×

20

 

51

Morang

Biratnagar Sub-metropolitan City- 20

Part of Budhnagar, near to industrial area of Rani Jogbani border*

7

March 1999

52

Morang

Rangeli-

Wouka and Chopraha inhabitation near to the road to India from Rangeli Bazar×

 

13

 

53

Morang

Bardanga-

Part of Doriya located at east of Sonapur settlement and east of Bakraha (Luna) River*

15

 

54

Jhapa

Korobari-2, 4

Cultivated land of 33 families of Korobari area, shifting BP-140*

41

 

55

Jhapa

Pathamari-

Near to Pathamari village located west of River Mechi (Sub-Customs Office and some cultivated land)*

10

 

56

Jhapa

Maheshpur-2

Encroached east of Dol Gaun and India planned Indira Housing Project*

10

March 2000

57

Jhapa

Bhadrapur Municipality-

Eastern portion of Bhadrapur School playground that leads to Galgaliya railway station of India (degraded the status of Junge main boundary pillar PP-1 to reference pillar)**

27

1994

58

Jhapa

Jyamirgadhi- 1, 2

Kalikhajar area, lands of Jetha Rai, Pradip Karki, Ishwsori Rai have been encroached+

10

12 November 2011

59

Jhapa

Mechinagar Municipality-11

Bhansa Khola (Upreti village) at Kankarbhitta area, located at the western bank of River Mechi and encroached 67 metre span of Mechi Bridge*

41

December 2006

60

Jhapa

Mechinagar Municipality-

Nakalbanda area consisting of Madanjot and Warisjot, shifting the BP-46 to Nepal side×

15

 

61

Jhapa

Bahundangi-

Patapur of Tiring located north of Bahundangi habitation**

20

1940

62

Ilam

Shree Antu-8

Gufapatal area encroached by Indian Forest Office and Chhabbise area encroached by Jawahar Nawodaya School of India**

9

1981

63

Ilam

Pashupatinagar-4, 5, 9

Phatak area encroached by Indian Customs and Police Post building; and 240 sq mtr vacant land. SSB 29th Battalion encroached Hile Penal area and Pul Khola area.  India constructed graveyard and Buddhist Monastery near Simana Bazar of Nepal. Indians encroached Panch Mile area and also six homes of Nepali at Hile Bhajyang, including government Sub-Customs Office**

15

2004, 2008 and 2010

64

Ilam

Gorkhe-9

Manebhanjyang Simana Bazar area and foot trail- road of Gairibas area**

4

2005

65

Ilam

Maimajuwa-

Sandakpur hill top and 12 kilometre strip of Meghma-Tumling-Kalpokhari area**

54

 

66

Panchthar

Prangbung- 6

Portion of Aahal Gairi area and Aahale Bhanjyang**

14

2006

67

Panchthar

Chyangthapu-

Chiya Bhanjyang Singhalila range to Kabru and Talung. (Border line shifted to western side, ignoring the highest watershed, from Phalut to Kabru and Talung)×

4,100

2003, 2004

68

Taplejung

Timbuk Pokhari-

Eastern hill of Timbuk Pokhari that encroached the watershed area by constructing Singhalila Park*

400

 

69

Taplejung

Kalikhola-

Eastern portion of the origin of  river Kabeli Khola and Lamay Khola×

800

 

70

Taplejung

Yamphudin-

Eastern portion of Kabru area, taking the border as the lower watershed range×

600

 

71

Taplejung

Lelep

Part of Tumling habitation (the area east of Lelep and Yamphudin Village Development Committees××

220

 

A

Dolakha

Lamabagar

North of Lapchigaun, controversy on the location of Border Marker Number 57 with China.

6

February 2007

B

Solukhumbu

Sagarmatha

Controversy on the height of Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) with China. China proposed its height as 8844.43 metre but Nepal is firm on the traditional height as 8848 metre.++

Height conflict

February 2007

*    Survey Department (21 April 2009), Brief Account on Nepal-India and Nepal-China Boundary

      Surveying-Mapping (Briefing to IRHR Committee members), Kathmandu

◊    wikipedia.org/wiki/kalapani/susta

**  Study Tour Report on Nepal-India Border Issues, (Vol. I-IV, April-May-July-August 2010),

      Constitution Assembly, International Relations and Human Rights Committee, Kathmandu.

×      Dr. Shastra Dutta Pant (2006) Nepal-India Border Problems, Kathmandu, pp 36, 45, 51.

××   Chetendra Jung Himali (2002) Mahakaliwari Mahakalipari (Nepali), Kathmandu, pp 65-66.

+    Republica Daily, 14 November 2011. 

++  Republica Daily, 10 April 2010.

   Kantipur Daily, 31 August 2009.

                                                     ♣

2 Responses

  1. coach バッグ

  2. Please write in English as well. Thank you.

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